perm filename NEWS.AP[NET,GUE]2 blob sn#038683
filedate 1973-04-30 generic text, type T, neo UTF8
315 1829pt 04-30
Watergate Bjt 3rd NL
By HARRY F. ROSENTHAL
Associated Press Writer
WASHINGTON (AP) - President Nixon told the nation Monday night he
accepts final responsibility for the Watergate scandal that led
him to accept the resignations of H. R. Haldeman, John D.
Ehrlichman and Atty. Gen. Richard G. Kleindienst.
In a solemn address to the nation, hours after a major shakeup
in his administration, the President said the blame belongs at the
''I accept it,'' he said in a nationally broadcast and televised
In the shakeup, Nixon fired presidential counsel John W. Dean III
and nominated Secretary of Defense Elliot L. Richardson to be
The President gave Richardson the job of overseeing the
administration's investigation of the Watergate affair and of
naming a special prosecutor to probe the bugging incident if
Richardson deems one necessary.
EDS: Above is Watergate 4th NL
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316 1834pt 04-30
WASHINGTON Watergate Bjt 4th NL A315WX add: necessary.
Until late March, Nixon said, he had
been assured by those around him that no one in the administration
was involved in the wiretapping.
''However, new information then came to me which persuaded
me that there was a real possibility some of these charges
were true, and suggested further that there had been an effort
to conceal these facts both from the public, from you, and from
me,'' Nixon said.
Thus did Nixon disclaim any advance knowledge of the June 17
break-in at Democratic national headquarters.
The President said he ordered an intensive new inquiry
with the results to be reported ''directly to me, right here in
He said he was determined that the truth be brought out,
no matter who was involved.
Even as he recounted the resignations of Haldeman and
Ehrlichman as top White House aides, Nixon said it did not
imply their guilt, and called them two of the finest public
servants he had ever known.
''I wanted to be fair, but I knew that in the final analysis
the integrity of this office and public faith in the
integrity of this office would have to take priority over all
personal considerations,'' Nixon said.
cz939ped April 30
317 1840pt 04-30
WASHINGTON Watergate Bjt 4th NL A316WX 2nd add: said.
Nixon began by declaring that he wanted to speak ''from my heart,
on a subject of deep concern to every American.'' He concluded,
24 minutes later, asking for the nation's prayers.
'God bless America,'' he said. ''And God bless each and every one of
The drama of the address recalled another moment of crisis,
21 years ago, when as vice presidential nominee, Nixon delivered
his ''Checkers speech,'' defending the $18,235 trust fund
contributed to help pay his political expenses as a U.S. senator
cz942ped April 30
318 1843pt 04-30
WASHINGTON Watergate Bjt 4th NL A317WX 3rd add:
Now, in a new time of political trauma, Nixon vowed that he would
not place the blame on subordinates to whom he delegated
responsibility for his 1972 campaign.
Indeed, he praised the federal judge and the free press that
brought to light the intrigue behind the June 17 wiretapping
burglary at Democratic Party headquarters in the Watergate
He said the case represented a series of illegal acts, bad
judgments, over zealousness by a number of individuals.
''America in its political campaigns must never again fall into the
trap of letting the end, no matter how great that end is,
justify the means,'' Nixon said.
With that he called for political reforms, ''a new set of
standards,'' to ensure that future campaigns be as free of
abuses as possible.
He made no specific proposals, but he has assigned Richardson
the task of determining what specific changes in federal
campaign laws are necessary.
Watergate, he said, ''has claimed far too much of my time
and my efforts . . .
''Whatever may transpire . . . I must now turn my full
attention . . . to the large duties of this office,'' Nixon
''I owe it to this great office that I hold, and I owe it to
you . . .''
cz947ped April 30
319 1848pt 04-30
WASHINGTON Watergate Bjt 4th NL A318 4th add: you . . .''
Nixon said his is work that cannot wait, ''work that I must do,''
especially his search for peace.
The President noted that he will begin Tuesday meetings with
visiting West German Chancellor Willy Brandt. He spoke of preparations
for a summit meeting with Soviet leaders later this year, and
of negotiations for arms reduction.
The President said he wants to make the balance of his term
the best 1,361 days the nation ever has seen.
Earlier in the day, etc., 16th graf 3rd NL A311-314.
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314 1822pt 04-30
WASHINGTON Watergate Bjt 3rd NL A314WX 3rd add: appropriate.
Nixon said it now is essential to restore faith in the American
system and to make certain that ''such abuses'' are purged from
And he said he must turn full efforts toward ''the larger duties of
this office,'' especially the search for peace.
In announcing the resignations, Nixon said that the integrity of
the White House had to ''take priority over all personal
Earlier in the day, Nixon had said that Haldeman and Ehrlichman
''were two of my closest friends and trusted assistants in the
Despite, etc., 6th graf A229-302WX
cr925ped apr 30
311 1816pt 04-30
Watergate Bjt 3rd NL
By HARRY F. ROSENTHAL
Associated Press Writer
WASHINGTON (AP) - President Nixon declared Monday night that final
responsibility for the Watergate affair ''belongs here in this
office.'' ''I accept it,'' he said.
cr916ped apr 30
312 1817pt 04-30
WASHINGTON Watergate Bjt 3rd NL A311WX add: said.
He addressed the nation hours after announcing the resignations of
top White House aides H. R. Haldeman and John D. Ehrlichman
and of Atty. Gen. Richard G. Kleindienst. The President also
fired presidential counsel John W. Dean III.
Nixon said in a nationally broadcast and televised address that those
who committed criminal acts bear full responsibility for them.
But he said that as the man at the top, he must accept overall
blame for what happened in his 1973 re-election campaign.
''For the fact that alleged improper actions took place within the
White House or within my campaign organization, the easiest course
would be for me to blame those to whom I delegated the responsibility
to run my campaign,'' Nixon said.
cr918ped apr 30
313 1819pt 04-30
WASHINGTON Watergate Bjt 3rd NL A312WX 2nd add: said.
But he said that would be the cowardly course.
''In any organization, the man at the top must bear the
responsibility,'' he said. ''That responsibility therefore belongs
here, in this office.
''I accept it.''
Nixon had earlier announced he was nominating Secretary of Defense
Elliot L. Richardson to become attorney general, and assigning him
immediately to oversee administration investigations into the
wiretapping raid on Democratic headquarters and related cases.
He said he had given Richardson authority to name a special
prosecutor to pursue the case if the attorney general-designate
considers that appropriate.
cr921ped apr 30
308 1808pt 04-30
Watergate Bjt 2nd NL
WASHINGTON (AP) - President Nixon announced Monday the resignation of
White House aides H. R. Haldeman and John D. Ehrlichman because of
the Watergate scandal, then told the American people that the
integrity of the White House had to ''take priority over all
cr908ped apr 30
309 1809pt 04-30
WASHINGTON Watergate Bjt 2nd NL A308WX add: considerations.''
Nixon also announced the resignation of Atty. Gen. Richard
G. Kleindienst and the firing of White House counsel John W. Dean III
before taking to radio and television with a solemn address that
recalled his defense 21 years ago in the uproar that arose over
the so-called Nixon fund.
President Nixon also said thau attorney
general, Elliot Richardson, authority to name a special prosecutor
to investigate the Watergate bugging scandal.
cr911ped apr 30
310 1812pt 04-30
WASHINGTON Watergate Bjt 2nd NL A309WX 2nd add:
''I want to talk to you tonight from my heart on a subject of
deep concern to every American,'' Nixon began. Then he recited the
history of the Watergate case.
He said at every step between June 17 and late March he was
assured that no one in his administration was involved.
cr91eped apr 30
303 1742pt 04-30
TOPEKA, Kan. (AP) - The Watergate affair shows President
Nixon has been betrayed ''by stupid malefactors'' in high
positions, Alf M. Landon said Monday.
Landon, a former Kansas governor and the Republicans' 1936
presidential nominee, added in an interview:
''He isn't the first president who was betrayed by those
he trusted, of course. But I don't know of anything in our
history of the sweep and scope of this Watergate scandal.''
Landon said Nixon had promised when the Watergate case first
broke ''that he would vigorously investigate it and the guilty
would be prosecuted.''
''He's done just that,'' Landon added. ''He's taken his time
to go at it in the due process of the law.
''How satisfied the public is depends on the thoroughness
he's taken in cleaning house.''
298 1715pt 04-30
FBI-Byrne NL, Precede Washington Day
LOS ANGELES (AP) - The White House said Monday that the
Pentagon papers trial judge, Matt Byrne, had been approached
last month about becoming FBI director. Byrne said later
his answer was that he wouldn't consider it until the trial ends.
Byrne said he had gone to the Western White House at San Clemente
a month ago at the invitation of presidential aide John D.
Ehrlichman and talked with him there about ''a possible future
assignment in government,'' as well as meeting the President
briefly. The White House said the post was that of FBI director.
The judge said, ''I told Mr. Ehrlichman that I could not and
would not give consideration to any position until this case
was concluded.'' The four-month-old case is expected to last
Byrne said at the opening of court he wanted to assure all
attorneys in the trial that ''I did not discuss with the President
or Mr. Ehrlichman any aspect of this case.''
Byrne, 42, a Democrat and former U. S. attorney for the district,
often has been mentioned as a possible candidate for FBI director.
Nixon named William D. Ruckelshaus as acting FBI chief last
week, to replace acting Director L. Patrick Gray III. Gray
resigned in the wake of the Watergate investigation.
The two defendants in the Pentagon papers trial, Daniel Ellsberg
and Anthony Russo, expressed dismay at the disclosure.
Ellsberg said, ''It seems incorrect for him not to have told
us at the time, at least what he told us today. I can't agree
that this has no effect on the trial. He is going to have
make decisions regarding material from the FBI.''
Russo said he was ''quite shocked'' to learn that Byrne had
met with Ehrlichman, who resigned Monday.
Attorneys involved in the case declined comment.
A handsome blond bachelor whose name frequently appeared
before the trial in society columns, Byrne has built a reputation
during the trial as being firm and fair.
A 1956 graduate of the University of Southern California
Law School, Byrne was appointed to the bench in May 1971 by
President Nixon. Two previous appointments to the federal
bench were blocked by former Republican Sen. George Murphy.
The son of senior U. S. District Court Judge William Matthew
Byrne Sr., he prefers to be known as ''Matt.''
294 1701pt 04-30
WASHINGTON (AP) - Gordon Strachan, whose name has been linked to the
Watergate case, resigned Monday as general counsel to the United
States Information Agency.
A former aide to H.R. Haldeman, who quit Monday as President Nixon's
chief of staff, Strachan said he resigned ''after learning that
persons with whom he had worked closely at the White House had
submitted their resignations today.''
''In view of increasing publicity,'' USIA said in a statement, ''Mr.
Strachan concluded that his continuation as general counsel of USIA
would impair the agency's relationship with the press and the
''Mr. Strachan stressed that he had no complicity in the Democratic
National Committee break-in or in any alleged attempt to cover it
up . . .,'' the statement said.
Strachan was quoted in transcripts of grand jury testimony as saying
Haldeman kept $350,000 in campaign contributions in a White House
safe during the campaign.
Some reports have linked this secret campaign fund to payoffs of
''hush money'' allegedly paid later to silence Watergate defendants.
But the exact purpose of the fund remains unclear.
Strachan was quoted as telling the grand jury that after the
election he personally delivered the cash to Frederick C. LaRue, an
official of the Nixon campaign and a close associate of former
Atty. Gen. John N. Mitchell.
Strachan was quoted as saying LaRue counted the money carefully,
told Strachan he would take care of it and gave no receipt.
The money apparently never was reported to government auditors
who monitor the campaign spending law. Failure to report the
existence of the money as of April 7, 1972, or failure to report
where it subsequently was spent, would be violations of the law.
Transcripts of Strachan's testimony were published by columnist Jack
Anderson. Apparently the transcripts were genuine. Chief U.S.
District Court Judge John J. Sirica ordered a grand jury
investigation to determine where Anderson got them, and the
columnist subsequently returned them without disclosing their source.
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297 1714pt 04-30
WASHINGTON Strachan A294 to fix attribution, read 2nd graf
x x x Strachan resigned ''after learning that persons with whom he had
worked closely at the White House had submitted their
resignations today,'' according to the USIA.
rz816pes april 30
281 1622pt 04-30
Watergate-Richardson 400, Two Takes 500
By MIKE SHANAHAN
AP Military Writer
WASHINGTON (AP) - While he begins his new job as chief Watergate
investigator, Elliot L. Richardson will also remain in name, if not
in fact, as secretary of defense.
Several Pentagon sources indicated that developments in the
Watergate case moved so quickly President Nixon has not yet begun
a serious search for a successor to Richardson.
In the meantime, much of the defense workload will shift to
Richardson's principal deputy, William P. Clements Jr., a
political conservative and former head of a big Texas oil drilling
Shortly after his nomination to be attorney general and principal
Watergate investigator were announced, Richardson cancelled two
major overseas trips. He had been scheduled to attend North
Atlantic Treaty Organization meetings in Turkey May 15-16 and meet
with European defense ministers June 8-18.
No decision has been made on who will attend the NATO meetings.
Richardson, defense secretary for only three months, has also
cancelled three other lesser appearances scheduled for May.
For the moment anyway, Richardson told newsmen he will remain at
work in the Pentagon pending his confirmation by the Senate as
attorney general, replacing Richard G. Kleindienst.
Sen. James O. Eastland, D-Miss., chairman of the Senate Judiciary
Committee, said he would begin hearings on Richardson's
nomination on May 9. Indications are that Richardson, highly
regarded on Capitol hill, will meet little Senate resistance even
from those demanding that an independent prosecutor be named to head
the Watergate investigation.
Pentagon officials made special efforts to point out that under the
law, Clements has equal standing and authority as the secretary
of defense if the defense chief is out of town or for some
reason out of touch in an emergency. That presumably would include
Richardson's preoccupation with the Watergate affair.
In addition, these officials noted that congressional hearings on
the fiscal 1974 defense budget are nearly complete. The only
major congressional appearance currently pending is one by
Richardson before the Senate Foreign Relations Committee where
Sen. J. William Fulbright, D-Ark., wants to question about the
bombing campaign in Cambodia.
They said there are not big decisions pending which cannot await
Richardson's confirmation as attorney general before a new
defense secretary if named.
Nevertheless, speculation on a successor to Richardson fell mainly
on Clements, but only because of his position as the No. 2 man.
Clements, long a spokesman for the view that the Soviet Union
retains aggressive intentions towards the United States, has
handled as deputy secretary matters concerning contracts for
construction of the F15 jet fighter program. Generally speaking,
he has been overseeing matters of new hardware development
consistent with his background as a business executive.
cr729pes april 30
282 1630pt 04-30
WASHINGTON Take Two Watergate-Richardson A281 add: executive.
Congressional sources speculated on a few other names. Among them
are: former Treasury Secretary John Connally, a former secretary
of the Navy, now reported to be considering when to switch from the
Democratic to the Republican party; Bryce Harlow, a Proctor &
Gamble executive who previously worked in the White House; and
Kenneth Rush, a deputy to former Defense Secretary Melvin R.
Whether or not Clements is nominated to replace Richardson,
Clements is expected to assume more of the public duties of
defense secretary in the coming weeks.
cr731pes april 30
280 1618pt 04-30
By MICHAEL PUTZEL
Associated Press Weann III, fired from his post as
White House counsel, should be granted immunity from
prosecution in order to get his testimony about high-level
involvement in the Watergate scandal, Se. Lowell P. Weicker Jr.
The Connecticut Republican said the leaders of the
political-espionage ring in the White House and in President
Nixon's re-election campaign ''were operating in a very tight
''I think it's important,'' weicker said, ''that somebody be
completely free to testify about that.''
Weicker said he singled out Dean because ''he is the only
one at that level who has indicated he would be willing to talk.''
President Nixon has said he would oppose granting immunity to
any high-level officials in exchange for their testimony.
But Weicker said: ''The main thing is we want the full story''
about Watergate and subsequent efforts to cover up official
involvement in political espionage.
Dean reportedly has offered to testify before the federal grand
jury investigating the Watergate burglary and bugging of Democratic
headquarters if the government promises not to prosecute him.
Without immunity, he could be forced to appear before the
grand jury, but he could refuse to answer any questions that
might tend to incriminate him.
cz721ped apr 30
290 1648pt 04-30
WASHINGTON Watergate-Weicker A280, to fix last name, in first
graf read it: John W. Dean III, fired, etc. sted as sent.
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279 1609pt 04-30
Ruckelshaus NL 430
By STAN BENJAMIN
Associated Press Writer
WASHINGTON (AP) - William D. Ruckelshaus took command of the FBI
Monday, plunging himself into the thick of the Watergate
investigation and leaving the Environmental Protection Agency to
look for a new leader.
Ruckelshaus, who had headed the EPA since its birth in December,
1970, was asked Friday by President Nixon to step into the FBI
office vacated less than two hours earlier by the resignation of
acting director L. Patrick Gray III, Gray resigned after it was
reparted he destroyed papers connected with the Watergate case.
Atty. Gen. Richard G. Kleindienst signed an order Monday
appointing Ruckelshaus and then submitted his own resignation to the
President because of his past association with figures involved in the
spreading political espionage scandal.
Ruckelshaus reportedly spent most of his first day being briefed
on such current FBI matters as the Watergate case, the Indian
occupation of Wounded Knee, S.D., and the problem of airline
He was to meet with the 59 FBI special agents, who run field
offices Tuesday or Wednesday.
In a related development, White House sources said U.S. Dist. Court
Judge William Matthew Byrne, Jr., had been sounded out to become
permanent director of the FBI, a job Ruckelshaus does not want.
Byrne is currently presiding over the ''Pentagon Papers'' trial
of Daniel Ellsberg and Anthony J. Russo Jr., in Los Angeles.
He acknowledged Monday that he spoke with Nixon's staff members
about a government job last month.
Also Monday, an assistant FBI director released the text of a
telegram he said was sent to Nixon from the acting associate
director, all assistant directors and app special agents of the FBI.
That telegram, released by Leonard M. Walters, asked Nixon to
considering promoting an FBI official into the director's post
instead of naming another outsider to head up the agency.
Meanwhile, Ruckelshaus' former agency itself was looking for new
Ruckelshaus named deputy administrator Robert Fri as acting
administrator, but Fri said he would stay only long enough for the
appointment of someone else to head EPA.
Ruckelshaus said he was resigning his EPA post, rather than seeking
a leave of absnece, and was ruling out any chance that he would
return to the job once his term at the FBI ends.
He also said he would not seek any political office in his home
state of Indiana in 1974, thus refuting long-circulating rumors
that he might run for the Senate against incumbent Democrat Birch
Bayh, who defeated him in 1968.
The FBI, a Ruckelshaus statement said, ''must not in any way be
compromised by the real or imagined political ambitions of its
director, no matter how short his tenure.''
cb717ped apr 30
278 1604pt 04-30
FBI-With Watergate 260
WASHINGTON (AP) - FBI officials Monday asked President Nixon to
consider someone from within the agency for the director's
post instead of naming another outsider.
In a telegram sent to Nixon and signed ''All FBI Officials,''
the agents and directors said:
''We are moved to address you (Nixon) thusly, because of our
devotion to our sworn duty to the people of the nation, because of
our love for this great institution, and because we have seen no
indication of consideration of FBI officials, among whom there is an
inherent nonpartisanship and deep reverence to the call of duty to
all the people of our nation.
''In the search for a nominee for the FBI directorship, we urged
consideration to the highly qualified professionals with impeccable
credentials of integrity within the organization itself.
''We do not suggest there are not many other highly qualified
leaders of proven integrity, but at this critical time it is essential
that the FBI not flounder or lose direction in its service to the
nation because of the lack of law enforcement expertise or of
other qualities essential to the FBI directorship.''
The telegram was released by Leonard M. Walters, an assistant
director of the FBI.
The telegram followed the resignation of Atty. Gen.
Richard G. Kleindienst Monday and the resignation Friday of acting
FBI director L. Patrick Gray III.
William D. Ruckelshaus, former head of the Environmental
Protection Agency, took temporary command of the FBI Monday.
cb709ped apr 30
275 1559pt 04-30
WASHINGTON (AP) - The White House MONDAY DECLINED TO PERMIT
CUSTOMARY PHOTOGRAPHS OF President N
WASHINGTON (AP) - The White House Monday declined to permit
customary photographs of President Nixon following his televised
address to the nation on the Watergate situation.
Such picture-taking by news media cameramen has been the
usual procedure on major speeches in the past.
But this time, press secretary Ronald L. Ziegler
sent word that no photos would be permitted.
And, in the face of protests from news media organizations,
including The Associated Press, Ziegler replied flatly,
''the decision is no.''
Ziegler would not say whose decision it was, nor would be offer
any explanation of why the photo ban was being imposed.
cz7ped apr 30
320 1851pt 04-30
Nixon-Photos Lead a275
WASHINGTON (AP) - After addressing the nation on Watergate, President
Nixon stepped into the White House press room Monday night and
told newsmen, ''just continue to give me hell when you think I'm
Without advance notice, the President stepped behind a rostrum in the
press briefing room and began talking into microphones that were not
Looking rather grim, Nixon began by saying he and the press had
had differences in the past but added: ''Just continue to give
me hell when you think I'm wrong. I hope I'm worthy of your trust.''
With that, Nixon left the room.
The White Hous
With that, Nixon left the room.
The White House stuck to a decision not to permit customary
post-speech photos of Nixon behind his desk in the Oval Office.
However, photographers snapped off some quick pictures during his
appearance in the briefing room.
Press Scretary Ronald L. Ziegler had sent word earlier in the day
that no photos would be permitted.
And, in the etc., 4th graf A275.
rz953pes april 30
272 1547pt 04-30
Graham-Watergate Bjt 460 2 takes 660
By GEORGE W. CORNELL
AP Religion Writer
NEW YORK (AP) - Evangelist Billy Graham, a close friend of
President Nixon, said Monday that the Watergate scandal is
a symptom of the ''permissiveness, corruption and crime''
permeating much of American life.
''What the country needs to do is get down on its knees in
repentance before the Lord,'' he said.
He said the entire situation ''certainly must be clarified, the
truth brought out.'' He added: ''We Americans cannot accept
corruption as a way of life. Democracy is based on trust and
''What we need to do in this country is get back to the law
of Moses and the Sermon on the Mount, to make them our moral
guidelines, and pray God to forgive our sins in a period of
national repentance and revival, such as Lincoln called for
in the dark hours of the Civil War.''
Asked in an interview what effect the burglary-bugging operations
at high government levels would have on ordinary citizens,
he said: ''It certainly doesn't help. Many people are disturbed,
confused, saddened and shocked.''
''The whole atmosphere has to be cleansed to restore some
credibility,'' he said. ''I would suspect, knowing the President
as I do, major developments quickly. I don't think the President
would have gone to Camp David alone unless he came back with
some major decisions.''
Graham's comments came in a telephone conversation with him
at his home in Montreat, N.C. At the same time the group of
administration resignations were being announced by Nixon
in Washington, D.C.
Told of them, the evangelist said, ''That sort of bears out
what I just said. I didn't expect it to come quite so quickly.''
He said he sees his relationship with the President as somewhat
like that of ''a pastor with a congregation. When a member
of the congregation is hurt or in trouble, the heart of the
pastor goes out to him and to his family.
''That's the way we feel in the present situation.''
He said he has not talked with the President directly about
the affair, but has written him letters assuring him of ''our
prayers in a difficult time.''
Graham said he was sure that the President, ''more than anyone
else in the government, recognizes'' that there must be a thorough
house cleaning to remove the taint on government.
''I cannot conceive that he knew anything about it ahead
of time,'' the evangelist said. ''First of all, he has a very
high sense of moral ethics and obedience to the law. Secondly,
he is just too capable a man to have approved or had knowledge
of illegal acts.''
273 1554pt 04-30
NEW YORK, Graham-Watergate Bjt take 2: acts.'' 200
He observed that the President had been so heavily involved
with Vietnam and with rapprochement with China and Russia
that he ''gave very little time or attention'' to his re-election
last year in which the break-in occurred.
''When I talked with him, he would hardly talk about the
election,'' Graham added. ''I got the impression he was leaving
his re-election to other people.''
Of the presidential aides, including those who resigned,
Graham said he only had ''met them at social functions at
the White House. I never sat down and had a talk with them
on a personal basis.
''The White House has always been a complex thing to me, and
I don't know all the ins and outs and ramifications of it.
My relationship to the President has been almost exclusively
on a personal friendship basis.
''I don't think any political party can stand up and say
it's 'Mr. Clean.' What this may do, insofar as good coming
out of evil, is that it may bring a cleaning up in the political
life of the country. We certainly need it. People are going
to think twice before they start carrying cash around in a
263 1508pt 04-30
sRichardson-Kleindienst Bjt 440 three takes 940
By DON McLEOD
Associated Press Writer
WASHINGTON (AP) - The new Watergate cleanup man, soft-spoken but
firm-handed Elliot L. Richardson, is one of President Nixon's
top trouble shooters and most loyal deputies.
As Nixon's choice to be the administration's third attorney
general, he was nominated to succeed Richard Kleindienst,
also a devoted team player but a man lacking Richardson's
talent for wading through controversy without getting his feet
Nixon announced Monday that Richardson would take over the
Justice Department and assume direction of the investigation into
the widening implications of the break-in and burldemocratic party headquarters.
Richardson, only the second man in history picked to hold three
full Cabinet posts in one administration, has been carrying hot
potatoes for Nixon since he was rushed to the Department of
Health, Education and Welfare in 1970 to put down a revolution in
From HEW he moved to the always sensitive Pentagon. He had
just begun to assert his administrative skill there when Nixon
summoned him to Justice, a storm center throughout the Nixon
Kleindienst has spent his entire Nixon service at Justice, first
as top assistant to John N. Mitchell, then as head man after
Mitchell left to manage the Nixon re-election effort.
Richardson has defended controversial administration policies
ranging from anti-busing moves to Cambodian bombing without
being blamed for them by their critics. But Kleindienst has
become associated with, and attacked for, equally controversial
policies, from government wiretapping to mob control plans.
Son of a prominent physician and professor at Harvard Medical
School, Richardson was born, July 20, 1920, to a Boston Brahmin
family. He graduated from Harvard Law School in 1947 and
immediately began a government career by serving as law clerk
for Judge Learned Hand of the Court of Appeals and Supreme Court
Justice Felix Frankfurter.
Richardson campaigned for Sen. Leverett Saltonstall, R-Mass.,
became his assistant in 1953-55 and was appointed assistant
secretary for legislation at HEW in 1956.
In 1959 he was named U.S. attorney for Massachusetts. In 1964
he was elected lieutenant governor under Gov. John A. Volpe.
Elected state attorney general in 1966, he took up the work he had
begun earlier against organized crime and became a champion of
But Richardson was totally new to foreign relations when Nixon
brought him to Washington to be No. 2 man in the State Department.
Still, he quickly gained a reputation as one of the best
administrators at State in many years.
In 1970, when HEW employes were rebelling against administration
policies and Nixon's personal friend, Robert Finch, was no longer
able to control the department, Richardson was called to the
jc616ped apr 30
265 1518pt 04-30
WASHN Richard-Kleindienst Bjt A263WX take two: rescue.
In less than a month, Richardson restored peace. ''We finally got
someone who is really in charge,'' one department official said,
''and we like it.''
It was at HEW that Richardson best demonstrated his capacity
for bebding his own will to his boss's and then prosecuting it
with vigor and success.
Despite a background strong on civil rights and desegregation
in Massachusetts, Richardson became a leading spokesman for
Nixon's policy of pushing school desegregation no more than the
Richardson also became the principal salesman for Nixon's
anti-busing legislation and followed a policy of not cutting off
funds to school districts dragging their feet on integration.
He moved to the Defense Department as part of Nixon's
second-term reorganization and took on the responsibility of
defending the administration's whopping defense budget and
continued bombing in Southeast Asia.
Richardson will face new challenges at Justice, which has
been reeling with the Watergate disclosures. One of Nixon's
public complaints has been that information on the probe has
been leaking out to the public.
Kleindienst, in his letter of resignation, said he quit because
of disclosures ''that persons with whom I had had close
personal and professional associations could be involved in
conduct violative of the laws of the United States.''
As deputy attorney general, he had worked for Mitchell, who is
under grand investigation. John W. Dean III,
whom Nixon fired Monday as presidential counsel was
Kleindienst's aide at Justice before going to the White
House. L. Patrick Gray III, who succeeded Kleindienst as deputy
attorney, last week resigned as acting FBI director over
A native of Winslow, Ariz., Kleindienest, 49, like Richardson, went to
Harvard Law. He then turned to government service, entering
the state legislature in 1953.
When Barry Goldwater captured the Republican presidential
nomination in 1964, Kleindienest was his director of field
operations. In Bixon's campaign four years later,
Kleindienst held the same position.
From the start at Justice Kleindienst was in hot water over
administration policies he helped formulate and execute,
particularly the handling of anti-war demonstrators who flocked to
Kleindienst also was a chief defender of government wiretapping,
calling it the ''first weapon that has had any real impact on
cz625ped apr 30
266 1525pt 04-30
WASHINGTON Richardson-Kleindienst Bjt A265WX take three: crime.'' 100
When Nixon nominated Kleindienst to succeed Mitchell, the Senate
Judiciary Committee gave him unanimous approval. But Kleindienst
asked that the hearings be re-opened following reports that he was
connected with the settlement of three antitrust suits against
International Telephone & Telegraph Corp., and charges that this
was linked to ITT support for the Republican National Convention.
The reopened hearings ran on 20 days before he was confirmed by
a 64-19 vote last June.
In resigning Monday, Kleindienst said his term as attorney
general was ''the greatest honor I shall ever have,'' despite the
kb627ped apr 30
262 1505pt 04-30
Democrats-Watergate Text 130
HURON, Ohio (AP) - The text of the Watergate position paper
adopted Monday by the Democratic Governors Caucus:
We urge total and full disclosure of all facts relating
to the Watergate case, as quickly as possible.
We further urge the appointment of a special prosecutor recommended
by a group such as The American Bar Association.
The governors applaud the investigative reporting by the
press. It is the strong belief of the Democratic governors
that our cherished institutions can only survive with a completely
The strength of this country should not be minimized by anyone.
It is our belief that the restoration of confidence in government
is imperative to move this nation toward resolution of pressing
259 1447pt 04-30
Pentagon Papers Bjt NL 440 Two Takes Total 700
By LINDA DEUTSCH
Associated Press Writer
LOS ANGELES (AP) - Daniel Ellsberg's chief attorney asked Monday
that 11 present and former government officials be ordered here to
tell what they know about links between Watergate conspirators and
an alleged burglary of an office containing Ellsberg's psychiatric
Attorney Leonard Boudin said he wants to find out whether the
Pentagon papers indictment was part of a ''political espionage''
U.S. District Court Judge Matt Byrne took the request under
submission but said affidavits probably would have to be taken
from the men before they were called to testify at the trial.
The witnesses Boudin wants to call to a special hearing include
former Atty. Gen. John N. Mitchell, just-resigned Atty. Gen. Richard
G. Kleindienst, resigned White House aide John Ehrlichman, former
acting FBI Director L. Patrick Gray and convicted Watergate
conspirators E. Howard Hunt and G. Gordon Liddy.
Boudin also named former special presidential counsel Charles W.
Colson; John W. Dean III, fired Monday as presidential counsel;
Watergate trial prosecutor Earl Silbert; Justice Department criminal
division chief Henry E. Peterson, and Robert C. Mardian, former
assistant attorney general who became political coordinator of the
Committee for Re-Election of the President.
The judge indicated he would be amenable to a request by Boudin to
send jurors home and suspend trial testimony ''until this situation
is cleaned up, if it can be cleaned up.''
Boudin said he felt revelations which would come out of affidavits
and testimony ''we think, will mean the end of this case,'' but
added the defense would not be satisfied with affidavits alone
because ''very frankly, we don't trust the government of the United
''I am certain,'' defense attorney Leonard Weinglass told the judge
later, ''that this case should not go to the jury under the cloud
that now sits over it.'' Weinglass is Russo's chief attorney.
Weinglass also asked that Ehrlichman be questioned about his
intentions when he contacted Byrne about possible appointment
as FBI director last month.
Byrne announced from the bench before proceedings began that
he had been contacted on April 5, had met with Ehrlichman
at the Western White House in San Clemente at an unspecified date
and was introduced to President Nixon. He said there was no
discussion of anything related to the Pentagon papers trial and that
he refused to consider the offer until the trial's end.
''The mere fact of the contact,'' said Weinglass, ''raises
some questions in our minds of what was in Mr. Ehrlichman's
mind when he contacted the court.''
260 1456pt 04-30
LOS ANGELES Take Two Pentagon Papers Bjt NL: court.''
Both attorneys complained bitterly about the prosecutor's report to
the court that no further information regarding the reported
burglary was turned up over the weekend.
The government had been ordered to make a far-reaching inquiry
Friday to find out more details. But when court reconvened Monday,
Asst. U.S. Atty. David Nissen told the judge: ''We have no
The judge snapped, ''That, Mr. Nissen, is not going to be
The Watergate link to the four-month-old espionage-conspiracy-theft
trial surfaced Friday when Byrne revealed he'd been given a
10-day-old Justice Department memo reporting that Liddy and Hunt had
burglarized the office of Ellsberg's psychiatrist to get at
Ellsberg's psychiatric records. He raised the possibility
that evidence in the trial was ''tainted'' by use of those records.
Among the points the defense wants probed is why the Justice
Department held the memo for 10 days before giving it to the judge.
Ellsberg, 42, and Russo, 36, both former researchers on government
projects, are on trial for copying the top-secret Pentagon
papers study of the Vietnam war in 1969.
The defense team said it conducted its own investigation
over the weekend which proved the burglary had occurred, that
a cleaning woman may have seen Liddy and Hunt in the psychiatrist's
office taking photographs, and that they have found what appear
to be links to a ''political espionage'' effort to involve
Ellsberg in early efforts to discredit the Democratic presidential
candidate, before a candidate was even chosen.
261 1501pt 04-30
SAIGON U.S.-Indochina take 2 a258: factor. 230
The United States has accused North Vietnam of infiltrating more
than 30,000 troops, 400 tanks and 300 artillery pieces into South
Vietnam in violation of the peace agreement that was signed in Paris
The U.S. sources here indicated that the buildup was aimed at
)merican military aid program in which the United
States sent hundreds of warplanes, tanks, guns and other supplies
to Saigon a few months before the cease-fire Jan. 28.
About the same time, North Vietnam started putting men and
materials into its pipeline, but many of them did not reach the
South until after the truce had officially begun, sources said.
The sources estimated that there are 40,000 North Vietnamese troops
in Cambodia, about one-fourth of them lending infantry and heavy
weapons support to Cambodian insurgents seeking to force the fall of
the Lon Nol government. The remainder of the North Vietnamese troops
are reportedly providing logistics support to both the Cambodian and
Vietnamese Communist units.
The sources said Hanoi is continuing to send civilians southward
to take over administrative duties in areas of South Vietnam under
Communist control. They include medical workers, civil
administrators and agricultural experts. Some are native
northerners; others are southerners who had moved to the North
and are now returning, the sources said.
299 1722pt 04-30
Pentagon papers ADD
LOS ANGELES Pentagon Papers Bjt NL a259-260 ADD: chosen. 490
The defense attorneys said they established that Ellsberg's former
psychiatrist, Dr. Lewis Fielding of Beverly Hills, was approached by
the FBI three times in July 1971 and asked for information about
Ellsberg. The doctor refused. This was one month after the Pentagon
papers had been published in newspapers.
Little more than a month later, Fielding's office was broken
into and files were ransacked, including files on Ellsberg,
Fielding said. In an affidavit submitted Monday, Fielding
said, ''The files in my cabinet were in considerable disarray.
My personal papers, including those pertaining to Dr. Ellsberg,
appeared to have been thoroughly rummaged through.''
Fielding said he then found out that cleaning people at his
office building had spotted men in and near Fielding's office
twice preceding the break-in.
On the night before the break-in, Fielding said, a cleaning
man saw two men arrive wearing uniforms like those of postmen.
They spoke with Cuban accents and one carried a suitcase which
they said was for delivery to Fielding's office, the doctor said.
They sought admission and the cleaning man let them into Fielding's
office where he believed they left the suitcase.
Another affidavit from a cleaning woman in the building revealed
that five days before the burglary, she saw two Americans in
Fielding's office. She said they were not the same men who brought
The woman, Maria Juarez Martinez, said one of the two Americans
told her in Spanish, ''I am the doctor.'' She said she continued
cleaning the office and saw the two men ''taking pictures
of the walls of the . . . office.''
Weinglass told the judge he believes the two Americans referred
to were Liddy and Hunt. The defense has said it believes Ellsberg's
records were photographed.
The defense attorneys laid out a chronology of events which they
say possibly links the FBI, Mitchell and others to ''political
Noting that Mitchell headed President Nixon's re-election campaign
and also sought the indictment of Ellsberg and Russo, Boudin said:
''. . . the attorney general might have been wearing two hats and
was engaged in a political espionage situation . . . directed at the
Boudin cited reports that Gray received orders to burn documents
taken from Hunt's White House safe. He also said Gray had testified
before a Senate judiciary committee that the contents of the safe
included envelopes containing classified material relating to the
Pentagon papers, a tan folder marked ''Pentagon Papers'' which
contained newspaper articles and another folder marked ''Ellsberg'',
containing unspecified papers.
Boudin indicated the defense believes the safe may have contained
the psychiatric records and said he wanted to see all FBI files
on the Pentagon papers investigation. Byrne reserved decision
on that request.
306 1751pt 04-30
Pentagon Papers NL Insert
LOS ANGELES Pentagon Papers NL a259 to update insert after 6th
graf: cleaned up.''
However, Byrne later suspended court for the remainder of
Monday and ordered jurors to return Tuesday. He said he hoped
to proceed with testimony then, but that his decision would
depend on the content of government reports he ordered submitted
to him before then.
He demanded that the government give him investigatory reports
on Hunt, Liddy and others within the day.
Byrne said the contents of those reports also would help him
determine whether he will summon the former government officials
for an immediate hearing or whether such a hearing might even
be necessary ''post-trial.'' Defense attorneys objected to
any postponement of the matter.
The government submitted new material to the judge in secret
before court recess. The judge revealed only that there were
more than two reports and that one referred to ''decisions
directly out of the White House'' to investigate the Pentagon
papers leak - a task said to have been assigned to Hunt.
''The investigation I want performed,'' he told the prosecutor,
''is not limited to the alleged burglary. I want all of the
information you might have regarding the investigation of the
Pentagon papers, Mr. Ellsberg, Mr. Russo any connection with that.
''If the same individuals who allegedly gathered information
from the psychiatrist gathered information from some other
source, I want to know about that.''
Mentioning Liddy and Hunt by name, he said, ''I want to know . . .
what else they may have done with reference to this case and
Boudin, 7th graf.
256 1427pt 04-30
Congress-Watergate Bjt 400, Two Takes 650
By CARL C. CRAFT
Associated Press Writer
WASHINGTON (AP) - Senators and congressmen uniformly approved the
departures Monday of three top White House aides linked to the
Watergate scandal, but many said the truth still must be told.
Rep. John E. Moss, D-Calif., said the House should set up a special
panel to look into any ''possible involvement of the President in
conduct which might lead to initiation of impeachment action.''
But House Speaker Carl Albert, D-Okla., told a reporter that this
is no time to be talking about impeachment. ''I haven't given
that a thought,'' Albert said in reponse to Moss' suggestion.
Reacting to the resignations of Nixon aides H. R. Haldeman and
John D. Ehrlichman, and the firing of John Dean III, Moss said it
is ''most difficult to conceive'' that Nixon was not aware of
Moss did not yet call for impeachment, but said it is important
that the House consider creating a select committee and ''develop
facts on its own'' so it could be in a ''position of possessing
Sen. Lowell P. Weicker, R-Conn., said he believes hearings of
the Senate Watergate Committee now scheduled for May 15 would
be premature. Weicker is a member of the panel.
A spokesman for Sen. Sam J. Ervin, D-N.C., the committee
chairman, said that as of the moment, the hearings have not
Weicker, the first senator to point a finger of accusation at
Haldeman as the White House official responsible for the
policies and personnel behind Watergate, said he fears hearings
now might jeopardize the individual rights of persons who may
He said he is afraid other continuing investigations might be
impaired and that he wants the Senate committee to be fully
prepared before holding hearings.
At the same time Weicker said it must be made clear that the
White House resignations don't end the case.
Senate Republican leader Hugh Scott of Pennsylvania, in a floor
speech, said ''a lack of grace in power has led to a fall from grace.
''I commend the President for his firmness in meeting head-on the
most unpleasant situation that can confront a chief
Scott said he was passing no judgment on the individuals
concerned and feels only sadness for them.
Senate Democratic Leader Mike Mansfield also commended Nixon's
''Watergate was not a Republican tragedy, it was an American
tragedy,'' Mansfield asserted. ''It strikes at responsible,
''The President in taking this action displayed his loyalty to the
American people, as he should, rather than to those around him.''
cr534pes april 30
257 1435pt 04-30
WASHINGTON Take Two Congress-Watergate A256: him.'' 250
But the Democratic leader said the affair is by no means over.
''You have a grand jury functioning, a federal court functioning,
and the Ervin committee functioning.''
Mansfield said he sees no need for an outside investigator.
''That would just muddy the waters,'' he said. ''We had better
stick with the regular processes,'' he said.
Sen. Barry Goldwater, R-Ariz., said Nixon should ''draft a
group of Republicans with impeccable integiry'' to quickly
take over the White House staff work. Goldwater said he had
regret over the resignation of Atty. Gen. Richard G. Kleindienst.
''Of all the people who have figured in the current
investigation,'' Goldwater said, ''none has conducted himself with
more integrity and courage than Dick Kleindienst.''
Sen. Robert C. Byrd, D-W.Va., assistant majority leader in the
Senate, said ''I don't think there was any alternative'' to the
resignations of the three White House aides.
House Republican Leader Gerald R. FMichigan, calling the
resignations ''a necessary first step by the White House in
clearing the air on the Watergate affair,'' said he has ''the
greatest confidence in the President, and I am absolutely
positive he had nothing to do with this mess.''
Rep. John B. Anderson of Illinois, chairman of the House
Republican Conference, said of Nixon's action: ''I don't
think anyone can say at this point whether it is enough, whether
additional information will not come out later. I certainly applaud
cr540pes april 30
276 1602pt 04-30
Congress-Watergate Bjt Add 70
WASHINGTON Congress-Watergate Bjt A256WX add: applaud it.
Sen. Bob Dole, R-Kan., Republican National Chairman until early
this year, called the departures steps in the right direction.
''Clearly, what happened in the campaign of 1972 was that important
elements of it were left to political amateurs who were new to
politics and contemptuous of established political practice,'' said
Dole called the events ''a lesson that was learned by both sides in
the campaign-both sides left too much to amateurs, to
cr703ped apr 30
254 1424pt 04-30
AMS Advisory 90
As mentioned in an earlier advisory, the White House
says there will be no advance text of President Nixon's
9 p.m. EDT television-radio speech on the Watergate affair.
The full text will move Dataspeed and on some wires as
soon as possible after the speech. It is expected to run about
In addition to the running leads to the Watergate Bjt
NL, we will have various separates as warranted, including
reaction, at-a-glance and textual highlights.
We will keep you advised on any developments.
cb526pes april 30
252 1409pt 04-30
Democratic Governors Bjt NL 350 two takes 780
By CARL P. LEUBSDORF
AP Political Writer
HURON, Ohio (AP) - Top Democrats said Monday that President Nixon's
choice of a new attorney general from within his administration
won't satis for total disclosure of all
facts surrounding the Watergate case.
National Chairman Robert S. Strauss and Govs. Marvin Mandel of
Maryland, Wendell Ford of Kentucky, Milton Shapp of Pennsylvania
and John J. Gilligan of Ohio immediately criticized Nixon's choice
of Secretary of Defense Elliot L. Richardson to replace Atty. Gen.
''A designated pinch hitter,'' scoffed Mandel.
''He's continuing to use the inner sanctum to fill the places
of responsibility,'' Ford said, declaring that wide consultation
and choice of outsiders ''would have made more of an impression
on the public.''
News of the change at the Justice Department and the resignation
of three top White House officials in the wake of the Watergate
scandal reached the Democratic governors here just after they
adopted a resolution urging ''total and full disclosure of
all facts relating to the Watergate case as quickly as possible.''
They also called on Nixon to name an independent prosecutor for the
case, possibly one recommended by the American Bar Association.
''It is our belief,'' the governors said, ''that the restoration
of confidence in government is imperative to move this nation
toward resolution of pressing domestic problems.''
Gov. Dale Bumpers of Arkansas, chairman of the Democratic Governors
Caucus, hailed the resignations and Nixon's announcement of Monday
night's televised address to the nation as indicating that ''what
we're recommending is at hand.''
But other Democratic state executives were more skeptical of the
White House moves announced Monday.
Mandel, who heads the bipartisan National Governors Conference,
complained about Richardson's selection: ''It's always the same
people who are playing the game.''
Shapp called it ''just shuffling some old hands into new places''
and said: ''The resignations more or less prove there have been very
high officials in the Nixon administration involved in the planning
of this operation and also in the cover-up.''
253 1416pt 04-30
HURON, Democratic Governors Bjt NL, take two: cover-up.'' 430
Gilligan, host for the two-day session at this Lake Erie resort,
noted that Richardson is ''the third attorney general in quick
succession,'' following Kleindienst and John N. Mitchell, ''and one
from the President's own household again.
''This doesn't answer the questions,'' he said. ''It raises new
ones'' as to the degree of involvement of the departing aides and
whether others are involved.
Strauss, who dropped a plan for a national Democratic-sponsored
television report on the Watergate case in the face of unanimous
opposition from the governors, said Richardson's selection
''accomplishes nothing in terms of disclosure.''
Like the selection last week of Environmental Protection
Administrator William Ruckelshaus as acting FBI director, Strauss
said, ''It's the revolving door. It's the same people we've seen
filling different spots.''
''I don't think this is going to reassure the public,'' he added.
Since the gung Sunday, Watergate has
completely overshadowed the meeting's main purpose of drafting
resolutions to be presented to the National Governors Conference,
which meets in Lake Tahoe, Nev., in early June.
But the 16 governors present here adopted several broad-ranging
proposals to be presented in Lake Tahoe. Though Democrats hold 31 of
the 50 governorships, it requires two-thirds, or 34, to pass a
policy position there, and some Republican support would be needed.
The resolutions included:
- Strong new economic controls covering wages, prices, rents,
profits and interest rates because of what the governors termed
the nation's ''worst economic crisis in a generation.''
- Opposition to President Nixon's plan to replace some existing
domestic grant programs with so-called special revenue sharing
on grounds that funds for the new program would be less than the old
ones, ''producing fiscal and programmatic chaos at the state and
- Emphasis on coal, which the governors called ''America's greatest
energy source,'' in meeting the energy cris≠s and development of ''a
major program of energy conservation'' to eliminate waste in the
home, in industry and in transportation.
While the governors were meeting, Strauss announced the appointment
of Gov. Jimmy Carter of Georgia as chairman of a 1974 campaign
effort within the National Committee designed to elect more
Democrats as governors, senators, congressmen and state legislators.
He said Carter, who is ineligible to run 74,
would work closely with Sen. Lloyd M. Bentsen of Texas and Rep.
Wayne Hays of Ohio, chairman of the Senate and House Democratic
244 1335pt 04-30
Newspage Stocks NL
NEW YORK (AP) - Stock market prices fell Monday to their
lowest levels this year as inflation and Watergate developments
continued to sideline investors.
The Dow Jones average of 30 industrials lost .76 points and
closed at 921.43, its lowest point this year and its lowest
close since July 21, 1972 when it stood at 920.45.
The Dow, a leading gauge of stock market activity, had dropped
nearly 11 points before noon as Wall Street responded negatively
to weekend disclosures regarding Watergate.
The blue chip indicator recovered most of its loss after
President Nixon announced that Attorney General Richard G.
Kleindienst and three top White House officials involved in
the affair had stepped down.
''It gave the investor a feeling that some action was going
to be taken,'' said Martin I. Goodfriend, analyst with Bruns,
Nordeman & Co.
Despite the rebound in the Dow, declining issues on the New York
Stock Exchange held a 3-2 lead over advances in light trading.
The broad-based NYSE index of some 1,500 common stocks closed
down .13 points at 56.73 and the price-change index on the
American Stock Exchange declined .08 to points to 23.49, both
new closing lows for the year.
229 1212pt 04-30
Watergate Bjt NL 370
By HARRY F. ROSENTHAL
Associated Press Writer
WASHINGTON (AP) - H. R. Haldeman and John D. Ehrlichman resigned
their top White House staff posts and Atty. Gen. Richard G.
Kleindienst quit the Cabinet Monday in an administration
shakeup produced by the Watergate scandal.
President Nixon announced the resignations and said he had
fired White House counsel John W. Dean III.
Nixon said he is nominating Secretary of Defense Elliot L.
Richardson to become attorney general, and assigned him
immediately to oversee administration investigations of the
The President scheduled a nationwide radio and television
address at 9 p.m. EDT to discuss the affair that began with
the break-in at Democratic national headquarters June 17.
In terms of Haldeman and Ehrlichman, Nixon said he had accepted
the resignations of ''two of my closest friends and most
trusted assistants in the White House.''
He said Kleindienst believed he could not continue as attorney
g 8eral because it appears close associates may be implicated
in the Watergate inquiry.
Kleindienst already had withdrawn from the case, on the same
Senate sources have accused Haldeman and Ehrlichman of
involvement in an alleged White House attempt to cover up the
Watergate wiretapping affair.
Nixon said the resignations should not be interpreted as
evidence of wrongdoing by either one.
The President said he had asked for the resignation of Dean,
who reportedly has been accused of helping to plan the wiretapping
raid on Democratic headquarters.
Nixon said that pending Richardson's confirmation by the Senate
to become attorney general, ''I have asked him to involve
himself immeditely in the investigative processes surrounding
the Watergate matter.''
As attorney general, Nixon said, Richardson will have full
responsibility for coordinating ''all federal agencies in
uncovering the whole truth about this matter,'' and recommending
changes in federal law to prevent future campaign abuses.
Kleindienst is to remain at the Justice Department and
Richardson at the Pentagon until the defense secretary is
confirmed as attorney general.
jc318ped April 30
232 1226pt 04-30
WASHINGTON Watergate NL Bjt A229WX Take Two: general. 360
The announcement of the personnel shakeup, at the pinnacle of
government, followed a weekend of seclusion for the President in
which he talked at Camp David, Md., with Haldeman and Ehrlichman,
respectively his chief of staf and assistant for domestic
''I know that their decision to resign was difficult,'' the
President said of the two in a written statement. ''My decision
to accept it was difficult, but I respect and appreciate the
attitude that led them to it.''
Haldeman, 46, regarded as the most powerful man on the White
House staff, said in a statement that it had become ''virtually
impossible . . . for me to carry on my regular responsibilities in
the White House'' because of what he called allegations,
innuendos and a ''flood of stories arising every day from all
sorts of sources.''
Ehrlichman, 48, had remained relatively untouched by recent
Watergate disclosures until last week when it was disclosed
acting FBI Director L. Patrick Gray III destroyed sensitive
documents given him by Ehrlichman and Dean. Gray resigned last
Friday, hours after that report was published.
The documents were said to include forged cables linking the late
President John F. Kennedy to the 1963 assassination of South
Vietnamese chief of state Ngo Dinh Diem.
In his letter to the President, Ehrlichman wrote of ''repeated
rumor, unfounded charges or implications or whatever else the
He denied reports linking him to intervention on behalf of
accused financial swindler Robert L. Vesco in a Lebanese
banking deal and said, ''Regardless of the actual facts, I have
been a target of public attack.''
Such attacks, he wrote Nixon, have impaired ''my present usefulness
to you and ability to discharge my duties.''
Nixon praised the two men for their ''selflessness and dedication
that I have seldom seen equalled.'' He said they had made
enormous contributions to the administration. ''I greatly
regret their departure,'' Nixon said.
Dean's dismissal was covered in one Nixon sentence:
''I have today requested and accepted the resignation of John
W. Dean III from his position on the staff as White House counsel.''
The President added Dean's duties to those of special consultant
Leonard Garment. He said Garment would represent the administration
in all matters relating to the Watergate investigation,
reporting directly to the President.
jc332ped April 30
241 1313pt 04-30
Watergate Bjt NL Correction
WASHINGTON Watergate Bjt NL A229 it seq, in a 236 wx, take 3,
9th graf, at start, to insert dropped matter, make read:
Sen. Robert C. Byrd, D-W. Va., called the president's announcement,''
cb417pes apr 30
255 1426pt 04-30
Watergate NL INSERT
WASHINGTON Watergate Bjt nl a229, insert after 9th graf: one.
Haldeman and Ehrlichman told the President in their letters of
resignation they will meet this week, at their request, with federal
prosecutors and lawyers for the special Senate committee on
The president: 10th graf
rz527pes april 30
293 1659pt 04-30
WASHINGTON Watergate Bjt NL A229, insert after 9th graf: either one.
Monday night, Gordon Strachan, who reportedly testified before a
federal grand jury that Haldeman kept $350,000 in his White House
safe during the re-election campaign, resigned as general counsel
to the U.S. Information Agency. There have been published reports that
the money was used to silence some of the seven Watergate defendants.
Strachan said he had learned ''that persons with whom he had worked
closely while at the White House had submitted their resignations
today . . . .
USIA released a statement saying: ''Mr. Strachan stressed that he had
no complicity in the Democratic National Committee break-in or in
any alleged attempt to cover it up . . .''
The President etc., 10th graf A229.
rz801pes april 30
302 1740pt 04-30
Watergate INSERT 130
WASHINGTON Watergate Bjt NL A229 insert after 5th graf: House.''
Despite the resignations, there were indications later that
Haldeman and Ehrlichman would remain at the White House for an
undisclosed period of transition. Gerald Warren, the deputy press
secretary, said he did not know how long that would be.
In resigning, Ehrlichman had said he would do all he could to
assist in the transition.
Nixon, who remained in the seclusion of Camp David, Md., while his
statement was issued at the White House, left the mountain retreat by
helicopter only 90 minutes before his broadcast.
He said: 6th graf
cr841ped apr 30
307 1756pt 04-30
Watergate INSERT 70
WASHINGTON Watergate NL A229, insert after 15th graf whic is 1st
graf A232: affairs.
In an interview with NBC, Haldeman said he and Ehrlichman went to
Camp David at their own request.
''We had each independently come to the conclusion it was more
appropriate for us to resign at this time than to take a leave or
anything else,'' Haldeman said. ''It's a situation where I can't
conscientiously stay on the job when I can't spend full time on
the job. I have a completely clear conscience.''
''I know: 16th graf A229-A232
cr858ped apr 30
321 1859pt 04-30
WASHINGTON Watergate NL insert A307 sub to attribute quote
to Ehrlichman rather than Haldeman.
Ian interview with NBC Haldeman said he and Ehrlichman went to
Camp David at their own request.
''We had each independently come to the conclusion it was
more appropriate for us to resign at this time than to take
a leave or anything else,'' Ehrlichman said. ''It's a situation
where I can't conscientiously stay on the job when I can't
spend full time on the job. I have a completely clear
I know: 16th graf A229-A232
cz1001ped April 30
226 1154pt 04-30
Haldeman-Ehrlichman Bjt 420 two takes 820
By FRANK CORMIER
Associated Press Writer
WASHINGTON (AP) - H. R. Haldeman and John D. Ehrlichman hoped to
ride out the Watergate storm in their top White House posts.
President Nixon apparently kept his fingers crossed, too-almost
to the end.
The same cannot be said for White House counssel John Dean
III, another major figure in the growing cast of characters tied
in published reports to last June's break-in at Democratic national
When the end of their White House careers came Monday, Nixon
emphasized that he found it difficult to accept the resignations of
Haldeman and Ehrlichman, ''two of my closest friends and most
trusted assistants. ''But he proclaimed that Dean had been fired.
As recently as last Friday, Nixon made a public show of
solidarity with Haldeman, his chief of staff and closest
personal aide, and Ehrlichman, his domestic policy assistant,
by taking them on a speechmaking trip to Mississippi.
Nixon's entire White House apparatus was built around the two
men and foreign policy chief Henry A. Kissinger. The staff rebuilding
job is not likely to be an easy one for Nixon.
Men who worked so smoothly in harness with the President, seemingly
anticipating his thoughts and wishes, cannot easily be replaced
in an administration that has concentrated power at the top of the
White House pyramid.
Dean's departure leaves no similar void. The 34-year-old attorney
never was close to Nixon personally and finding a competent
lawyer to replace him should not be difficult.
In terms of the Watergate scandal, Senate sources have
said that Haldeman, 46, and Ehrlichman, 48, took part
in an alleged White House coverup of the conspiracy.
Published reports said Haldeman was one of five Nixon associates
authorized to approve payments from a secret campaign fund
used to pay for various alleged spying efforts. Haldeman was reported
to have kept $350,000 in a White House safe during last year's
Last week Ehrlichman acknowledge. He was present when acting
FBI chief L. Patrick Gray III was handed two folders from the
White House safe of Watergate conspirator E. Howard Hunt. Gray said
he obeyed orders to destroy the folders, said to contain forged
documents linking the late President John F. Kennedy to the
assassination of South Vietnamese President Ngo Dinh Diem in
cb301ped apr 30
224 1150pt 04-30
The White House advises that the text of President Nixon's
Watergate speech on television-radio tonight will not be available
in advance. The full text will move Dataspeed and on some regional
wires as soon as possible after the speech. We will advise you
promptly when more information is forthcoming.
218 1116pt 04-30
WASHINGTON (AP) - Defense Secretary Elliot L. Richardson indicated
Monday he would remain at the Pentagon while beginning his
investigation of the Watergate scandal.
Questioned by reporters after a luncheon appearance, Richardson said
it had not been decided when he would leave the Pentagon job.
He has been defense secretary for only three months. Before that,
he was secretary of health, education and welfare.
Richardson said there would be no attempt to have him serve as acting
attorney general, pending his confirmation as attorney general by the
In the meantime, Richardson said he would remain at the Pentagon
and ''try to develop information about problems of the department
The decision on when he would leave as defense secretary is ''a
question of a division of time'' to insure a smooth transition,
He had no comment on when or whom his successor at the
Pentagon might be.
cb220pes apr 30
217 1114pt 04-30
Watergate At-A-Glance 110
WASHINGTON (AP) - Here are Monday's Watergate developments in
RESIGNED: Atty. Gen. Richard G. Kleindienst, presidential chief of
staff H. R. Haldeman, presidential domestic counsellor John D.
Ehrlichman. Kleindienst will continue to serve until a successor is
confirmed by the Senate.
FIRED: White House counsel John W. Dean III.
NOMINATED: Defense Secretary Elliot L. Richardson, to succeed
Kleindienst as attorney general. Richardson immediately takes over
control of the government's Watergate investigations, from
which Kleindienst had disqualified himself earlier.
DECIDED: The President will recommend changes in the year-old
campaign finance law ''to prevent fugure campaign abuses of the
sort recently uncovered,'' Richardson said.
cb217pes apr 30
213 1058pt 04-30
Newspage stocks lead a127
NEW YORK (AP) - The stock market rallied Monday on the heels
of the announcement of the resignation of three major Nixon
administration figures, the firing of another and the news
that President Nixon would address the nation Monday night.
The Dow Jones average of 30 industrials, down almost 11 points
in earlier trading, turned around after the announcement and
moved up 0.75 points to 922.94 at 1 p.m.
Presidential counsel John Dean was fired by Nixon and Atty.
Gen. Richard G. Kleindienst, and John Ehrlichman and H.R.
Haldeman, top White House aides, resigned.
''There is hope among investors that the President is moving
decisively to handle the Watergate scandal,'' said Monte Gordon
of the Dreyfus Corp. ''They are hoping that with this action
he will be able to turn his attention more directly to the
crisis condition in the economy. There is a restrained hopefulness
but investors recognize the problems are fairly severe.''
Declining issues on the New York Stock Exchange continued
to lead advancing issues in slow trading.
The Dow dropped more than 41 points last week.
210 1047pt 04-30
WASHINGTON Watergate Profiles Aean III, 34, fired as the President's official lawyer.
Dean had conducted an in-house investigation of the Watergate
affair that Nixon once claimed had exonerated all White House and
Bright and ambitious, Dean during the Nixon administration was
successively director of a federal commission on reform of federal
laws, a Justice Department lawyer and finally a trusted White House
Friends say it was Dean who first offered to cooperate with federal
prosecutors after convicted Watergate burglar James W. McCord
began to implicate administration higher-ups in the wiretapping
of Democratic national headquarters last June.
When former Nixon campaign deputy Jeb S. Magruder reportedly accused
Dean of helping plan the bugging, Dean startled other White
House staff members by issuing a statement directly to newsmen
saying he wouldn't be made a scapegoat in the scandal.
sr149ped April 30
205 1024pt 04-30
WASHINGTON (AP) - Here are brief profiles of four administration
figures who resigned today over the Watergate conspiracy and of
the man named to be attorney general:
-Richard G. Kleindienst, 49, a conservative Arizona lawyer who
was confirmed as attorney general last June 9 after one of the longest
Senate fights over a presidential appointment in recent years.
HE WAS SWORN IN THREE DAYS LATER, LESS THAN A WEEK BEFORE THE
Watergate wiretapping raid on Democratic headquarters.
Kleindienst presided as the nation's chief law enforcement officer
throughout many months of the government's investigation of the
affair. It was a period when the White House was claiming no one
was involved in the affair except the seven men convicted of the crime
Earlier this month, after President Nixon announced existence of
''major developments'' in the case, Kleindienst disqualified himself
from the Watergate investigation because friends and
associates, including former Atty. Gen. John N. Mitchell, had been
implicated. Later he said he would have nothing to do with
another grand jury investigation into the dealings of Robert L.
Vesco, accused of swindling $224 million from four mutual
funds, because associates also might be implicated in that matter.
During 24 days of Senate confirmation hearings, which Kleindienst
called his ''long ordeal,'' he denied allegations he played a role
in settlement of three antitrust suits against International
Telephone and Telegraph Corp.
Kkeindienst is a graduate of Harvard Law School, served in
Arizona's House of Representatives in 1953 and was director of
field operations for Sen. Barry Goldwater's run for the presidency
in 1964. He once called government wiretapping the ''first weapon
that has had any real impact on organized crime.''
Lt129ped April 30
206 1029pt 04-30
WASHINGTON Watergate Profiles a205wx Take Two; crime.''
-Eliot L. Richardson, t2, acting attorney general is the third Nixon
administration Cabinet post for Richardson, a native of Boston.
He took over as secretary of defense Jan. 30 after serving as
secretary of health, education and welfare since June 1970.
Richardson, a Harvard law school graduate, had been lieutenant
governor and state attorney general of Massachusetts.
At HEW, with its 100,000 employes, he exercised considerable
managerial skills, managing a budget that reached $78.9 million-larger
than that of the Defense Department.
A strong advocate of school desegregation, Richardson found
himself in the position of refusing to cut off federal funds to
reach school districts which were slow to desegregate.
At the same time, he attempted without success to sell President
Nixon's eantibusing legislation to Congress.
Richardson began his government career in 1947 as a law clerk to Judge
Learned Hand of the Court of Appeals and, later,
to Supreme Court Justice Felix Frankfurter.
He was an assistant to Sen. Leverett Saltonstall, R-Mass.,
in 1953-54 and was appointed assistant secretary for legislation
at HEW in 1956.
In 1959, President Eisenhower named him U.S. attorney for
Massachusetts where he conducted probes of highway land frauds and
organized crime. He also served briefly in 1961 as a special
assistant in Massachusetts to Atty. Gen. Robert Kennedy. He waselected lieutenant governor under John A. Volpe in 1964 and state attorney general in 1966.
He and his wife, Anne, have two sons and a dughter.
Lt134pe April 30
207 1035pt 04-30
WASHINGTON Watergate profiles a206wx Take three:
7/8H. R. ''Bob'' Haldeman, 46, who quit as White House chief of
staff. Reports have linked him with two secret campaign funds and
attempts to cover up White House involvement in planning the
Watergate raid. His trademark has been his close-cropped
hair and his penchant for saying ''no'' to persons seeking to see
President Nixon. Sometimes those turned away have included the
President's own Cabinet members.
Haldeman was an account executive with the J. Walter Thompson advertising
agency in Llos Angeles before coming to washington and has been
a power in Nixon campaigns dating dating back to his unsuccessful
run to be governor of California in 1962.
Once one of the President's closest and most trusted aides, Haldeman
appeared to lose favor as the Watergate scandal broke open.
He used to preside each morning at a top-level White House staff
briefing, but the meetings were discontinued earlier this month.
The Washington Post says Haldeman was one of five Nixon associates
authorized to approve payments from a secret campaign fund
used to finance the Watergate operation and other spying.
Grand jury testimony published by Columnist Jack Anderson quotes
a former assistant to Haldeman, Gordon Strachan, as saying Haldeman
kept another $350,000 in a White House safe during the
Lt139pe- April 30
208 1039pt 04-30
WASHINGTON Profiles (a206( take two to fix last graf:
In 1959, President Eisenhower named him U.S. attorney for
Massachusetts where he conducted probes of highway land
frauds and organized crime. He also served briefly insistant in Massachusetts to Atty. Gen. Robert
Kennedy. He was elected lieutenant governor under John
A. Volpe in 1964 and state attorney general in 1966.
He and his wife, Anne, have two sons and a daughter.
Lt140ped April 30
209 1041pt 04-30
WASHINGTON Watergate Profiles A207WX take four:
John D. Ehrlichman, 48, heavyset and balding. He joined ixon as
campaign tour director in 1968 and became a counselor to the President
when Nixon took office in 1969.
He quickly emerged as one of Nixon's right-hand men, part of
the ''German Mafia'' that surrounded the President. Before
today's resignation, his title was assistant for domestic affairs
and he also was director of the Domestic Council.
Ehrlichman, born in Tacoma, Wash., had been in the Army Air
Corps in World War II, earning the Air Medal with clusters
and the Distinguished Flying Cross.
In the 1972 Nixon re-election campaign, he asked the FBI for ''expert
advice to aid Republican campaigners.'' That request, L. Patrick
Gray III testified at his unsucessful confirmation hearings to
be director of the FBI, was forwarded to 21 field offices in
There was no precedence on the public record of the FBI
being asked to initiate political advice for campaign purposes,
and Gray was severely criticized because it had occurred.
Recently, sources close to the Senate's investigation of the Watergate
conspiracy said evidence indicated Ehrlichman and White House ehief
of staff H. R. Haldeman participated in an alleged White House
coverup of the scandal.
Ehrlichman said recently he asked Nixon campaign director
Clark MacGregor last August to investigate any Watergate links at
the President's re-election committee. MacGregor, now in
private life, denied it.
Last week it was reported that Ehrlichman was present when acting
FBI Director Gray was handed two folders taken from the White
House safe of Watergate conspirator E. Howard Hunt. Gray said
he was told to destroy the folders and did. Gray's resignation
followed on the day of the disclosure.
sr147ped April 30
220 1128pt 04-30
Watergate Profiles CORRECTION
WASHINGTON Watergate Profiles A205-206 etc. deleting reference to
Richardson as acting attorney general, in Richardson profile read
first line: Richardson, 52, picked to succeed Kleindienst as attorney
general, will fill his third Nixon administration Cabinet post
if confirmed by the Senate.
Richardson, etc. 8th graf A205, which is 2nd graf Richardson
cb228pes apr 30
138 1001pt 04-30
NEW YORK (AP) - Presidnet Nixon will address the nation via
radio and television tonight starting at 9 p.m. edt, concerning
the Watergate situation, NBC, CBS and ABC spokesmen said today.
Network spokesmen said there were indications the President
would speak about 20 minutes.
131 0936pt 04-30
WASHINGTON (AP) - U.S. District Court Judge William Matthew Bryne Jr.,
who is presiding at the Pentagon Papers trial in Los Angeles has
been sounded out the White House as a possible candidate for
director of the FBI, White House officials said today.
There was no indication, however, of any decision on a new FBI
chief, beyond the present situation in which President Nixon
has named William D. Ruckelshaus as the acting FBI chief. He
replaces acting director L. Patrick Gray III, who resigned in the
wake of the Watergate investigation.
The White House sources said that Judge Byrne was called to the
western White House at San Clemente when Nixon was there a month
ago for discussion on his availability for the FBI post.
The sources said, however, that Byrne had his discussions with
members of Nixon's staff and though Nixon did greet him briefly,
the President did not discuss the matter with Byrne.
Byrne is in the midst of the lengthy trial of Daniel Ellsberg and
Anthony J. Russo Jr., in the case of the publication of the
Pentagon Papers that involved Vietnam war decisions.
kb1240pes April 30
135 0947pt 04-30
WASHINGTON FBI a131 add: decisions.
Last week it was disclosed that two defendants in the Watergate
case, E. Howard Hunt and G. Gordon Liddy, had allegedly broken into
the offices of Ellsberg's psychiatrist.
Byrne read in open court a Justice Department memorandum dated
April 16 connecting the Watergate defendants to the Ellsberg case.
Byrne, 45, a California native and former U.S. Attorney for the
Los Angeles District, has been mentioned as a possible candidate
for the FBI directorship. He is a close friend of Nixon's former
assistant, Robert Finch.
Nixon appointed Byrne to the federal bench in 1969, three years
after former President Lyndon B. Johnson appointed him U.S.
Attorney for California's Central District.
kb1252ped April 30
214 1102pt 04-30
WASHINGTON FBI a131 insert after 2nd graf: investigation.
Byrne confirmed from the bench at the trial today that he talked
last month with presidential aide John D. Ehrlichman at the Western
White House about ''a possible future assignment in government'' but
said he told him, ''I could not and would not give consideration to
any position until this case was concluded.'' The trial is expected
to last about another month.
The White Hose: 3rd graf a131
225 1151pt 04-30
FBI ADD 140
WASHINGTON FBI a131-135 add: District.
At the trial today, Byrne said he wanted to assure all attorneys
in the case that ''I did not discuss with the President or
Mr. Ehrlichman any aspect of this case.''
Byrne said he hu comment by defense attorney
Byrne said he received a telephone call from Ehrlichman asking
him to discuss matters which had no possible relation to the
Pentagon papers case.
''I met with Mr. Ehrlichman . . . and he discussed with me a
possible future assignment in government,'' Byrne said. During
the visit with Ehrlichman at th Western White House, Byrne
said, he was introduced to President Nixon briefly. ''We merely
exchanged greetings,'' he said.
124 0910pt 04-30
Nixon Text 310, two takes 470
WASHINGTON (AP) - Following is the statement by President Nixon
Monday announcing staff resignations and a new attorney general in
the wake of the Watergate investigation.
I have today received and accepted the resignation of Richard G.
Kleindienst as attorney general of the United States. I am appointing
Elliot L. Richardson to succeed him as attorney general and
will submit Mr. Richardson's name to the Senate for confirmation
Mr. Kleindienst asked to be relieved as attorney general because he
felt that he could not appropriately continue as head of the
Justice Department now that it appears its investigation of the
Watergate and related cases may implicate individuals with whom he
has had a close personal and professional association. In making
this decision, Mr. Kleindienst has acted in accordance with the
highest standards of public service and legal ethics. I am accepting
his resignation with regret and with deep appreciation for his
dedicated service to this administration.
Pending Secretary Richardson's confirmation as attorney general,
I have asked him to involve himself immediately in the investigative
process surrounding the Watergate matter. As attorney general Mr.
Richardson will assume full responsibility and authority for
coordinating all federal agencies in uncovering the whole truth
about this matter and recommending appropriate changes in the law
to prevent future campaign abuses of the sort recently uncovered. He
will have total support from me in getting this job done.
In addition, I have today accepted the resignations of two of my
closest friends and most trusted assistants in the White House,
H.R. Haldeman and John D. Ehrlichman.
I know that their decision to resign was difficult; my decision
to accept it was difficult; but I respect and appreciate the
attitude that led them to it.
kb1215ped April 30
125 0916pt 04-30
Nixon-Text A124, take two: it. 160
I emphasize that neither the submission nor the acceptance of their
resignations at this time should be seen by anyone as evidence of
any wrongdoing by either one. Such an assumption would be
both unfair and unfounded.
Throughout our association, each of these men has demonstrated a
spirit of selflessness and dedication that I have seldom seen
equalled. Their contributions to the work of this administration have
been enormous. I greatly regret their departure.
''Finally, I have today requested and accepted the resignation of
John W. Dean III from his position on the staff as White House
''Effective immediately, Leonard Garment, special consultant to
the President, will take on additional duties as counsel to the
President, and will continue acting in this capacity until a
permanent successor to Mr. Dean is named. Mr. Garment will represent
the White House in all matters relating to the Watergate investigation
and will report directly to me.''
kb1220ped April 30
123 0905pt 04-30
WASHINGTON Watergate 3rd Lead A131 7th add: administration.''
The 52-year-old Richardson, once a law clerk to the late
Supreme Court Justice Felix Frankfurter, served as U.S. attorney
for Massachusetts and as that state's elected attorney general.
He had moved to the Pentagon just a few weeks ago after serving
as secretary of health, education and welfare.
In his letter of resignation, Kleindienst said he acted ''with
deep regret and after long and searching thought.''
He told Nixon that Asst. Atty. Gen. Henry Petersen and two other
Justice Department officials including Watergate prosecutor
Earl J. Silbert made disclosures to him on April 15 that
''dictate this decision at this time.''
''Those disclosures informed me for the first time,'' he wrote,
''that persons with whom I had had close personal and
professional associations could be involved in conduct violative
of the laws of the United States.''
Kleindienst already etc., 2nd Lead A109 etc at 6th graf.
By LAWRENCE L. KNUTSON
Associated Press Writer
jc1210pes April 30
132 0940pt 04-30
WASHINGTON Watergate 3rd lead a123 8th add: States.'' 300
Haldeman, in his letter of resignation, told Nixon he intends to
cooperate fully with the Watergate investigators and said he
welcomes the opportunity ''to demonstrate that I have always met
the high and exacting standards of integrity which you have so
clearly and properly demanded of all who serve on the White House
Haleman wrote of ''allegations and innuendos'' and a ''flood of
stories arising everyday from all sorts of sources.''
Because of Watergate, he said, he was deeply concerned that ''it has
become virtually impossible. . .for me to carry on my regular
responsibilities in the White House.''
Erhlichman, in his letter, wrote Nixon about ''repeated rumor,
unfounded charges or implications or whatever else the media carries.''
Denying reports linking him to intervention on behalf of the
Vesco group in a Lebanese banking group and of ordering the
destruction of documents by resigned acting FBI director L.
Patrick Gray, Ehrlichman concluded that ''regardless of the actual
facts, I have been a target of public attack.'' He wrote Nixon:
''As I analyze my situation, I have to conclude that my present
usefulness to you and ability to discharge my duties have
been impaired by these attacks, perhaps beyond repair.''
Both Haldeman and Ehrlichman told Nixon that, at their own
initiative, they will have interviews this week with federal
prosecutors and with chief counsel Samuel Dash of the Senate
''I have confidence in the ultimate prevalence of truth,'' said
Nixon. ''I intend to do what I can to speed truth's discovery.''
Sen. Robert C. Byrd, D-W.Va., told newsmen ''I don't think there
was any alternative'' to thfective immediately,
the overseer of all federal investigations of the Watergate
After etc. 3rd graf a116 115 116
kb1249ped April 30
203 1012pt 04-30
WASHINGONWatergate 3rd Lead a132 9th add: circumstances.'' 430
Kleindienst, asked specifically what he meant in
his letter by referring to ''the tragedy that has occurred,''
told reporters in his Justice Department office that
''the tragedy'' is the Watergate and all of its developments
Kleindienst said that two weeks earlier he had ''discussed with
the President the possibility that I should resign, not
because I was implicated, but because of relationships
I have with those involved.'' But he didn't want to make
that decision at that time.
Kleindienst added, however, that he decided on his own
Sunday morning that he should go ahead and quit. He
flew via helicopter to see the President at Camp David
Sunday afternoon. ''After I had arrived at the conclusion
I had to ask him to permit me to resign.''
''If you're going to have an attorney general,''
Kleindienst said in the interview, ''you have to have one
that the President can consult with on every matter-particularly
this kind of situation.''
Kleindienst said it was ''the first time since I was
10 years old'' that he found himself without a job,
and indicated he probably would take up private practice in
the nation's capital.
Asked if his friendship with his predecessor, John
N. Mitchell, was the principal things which led to the
action, Kleindienst responded ''you can figure that out
yourself by reading the newspapers.''
He said Richardson has ''a wonderful background'' for the
post, nothing that he had served as a U.S. attorney earlier
in his career.
Kleindienst reiterated that he was ''no no way whatsoever''
involved himself in the Watergate operation.
He again expressed full confidence in Asst. Atty. Gen.
Henry Petersen, who has headed the Watergate operation
since Kleindienst removed himself from that two weeks ago.
But he said that Richardson was certain to take control of the
probe once he is confirmed by the Senate.
He added that he had no indication that Petersen might
bow out himself in the meantime.
Kleindienst indicated he had no regrets over the Justice
Department's handling of the Watergate investigation,
insisting that even after the indictment of the original
seven defendants ''this matter was always open.''
Asked to comment on the lag between their conviction
and the recent wave of developments, Kleindienst said
''when people give sworn statements to a grand jury
or the FBI, and there are no other statements to dispute
them at the time, you don't put people on the rack.''
Secretary of State William P. Rogers said he has seen no
evidence that the Watergate disclosures have adversely affected
United States ofreign affairs, and he said he anticipated
no adverse reaction if the case is ''handled properly.''
Rogers told the Senate Foreign Relations Committee that by
proper handling he meant, ''full and complete disclosure of
everything however unpleasant and embarrassing it may be.''
Sen. William V. Roth Jr., R-Del., said in commenting on
the resignations that ''it is important that those surrounding
the President be completely credible in the minds of the
Sen. Barry Goldwater, R-Ariz., expressed regret over Kleindienst's
resignation, saying ''Of all the people who have figured in
the current investigation none has conducted himself with more
integrity and courage than Dick Kleindienst.''
Kleindienst already etc. 2nd Lead a109 at 6th graf.
Lt122ped April 30
215 1103pt 04-30
WASHINGTON-In Watergate 3rd lead 8th add A132 eighth graf read:
''I have confidence in the ultimate prevalence of truth,'' said
Ehrlichman. ''I intend'' etc picking up.
Making the quote Ehrlichman's instead of Nixon's.
cb203pes apr 30
122 0904pt 04-30
WASHINGTON Watergate 2nd lead to insert dropped word in 2nd line
make it: White House (inserting House)
jc1205pes April 30
115 0846pt 04-30
Watergate 3rd lead
WASHINGTON (AP) - President Nixon announced today the resignations
of Atty. Gen. Richard G. Kleindienst and three key White House
aides. He named Secretary of Defense Elliot Richardson to be acting
attorney general and top coordinator of all federal investigations
of the Watergate conspiracy.
sr1146aed april 30
116 0847pt 04-30
WASHINGTON Watergate 3rd Lead A115 add: conspiracy.
Resigning from the White House staff were chief of staff H. R.
Haldeman, domestic policy assistant John D. Ehrlichman and presidential
counsel John Dean III.
After making these announcements Press Secretary Ronald L. Ziegler
said President Nixon has asked for nationwide radio and television
time to talk to the nation on the Watergate case at 9 p.m. edt.
sr1148aed april 30
117 0849pt 04-30
WASHINGTON Watergate 3rd lead A116 2nd add: 9 p.m. edt.
Nixon in a statement said Kleindienst ''asked to be relieved
as attorney general because he felt that he could not appropriately
continue as head of the Justice Department now that it appears its
investigation of the Watergate and related cases may implicate
individuals with whom he has had a close personal and professional
Saying he would nominate Richardson as attorney general, Nixon
said that pending Senate action to confirm his choice, ''I have asked
him to involve himself immediately in the investigative process
surrounding the Watergate matter.''
sr1150aed april 30
118 0852pt 04-30
WASHINGTON Watergate 3rd lead a117 3rd add: matter.
He went on:
''As attorney general, Mr. Richardson will assume full responsibility
and authority for coordinating all federal agencies in uncovering
the whole truth about this matter and recommending appropriate
changes in the law to prevent future campaign abuses of the sort
recently uncovered. He will have total support from me in getting
this job done.''
The Watergate case stemmed from the break-in and bugging of
Democratic National Committee headquarters in the Watergate complex
last summer. It has widened into broader charges of political
sr1154aed april 30
119 0855pt 04-30
WASHINGTON Watergate 3rd Lead A118 4th add: espionage.
The President drew a distinction in describing the resignations
of Ehrlichman and Haldeman-''two of my closest friends and trusted
assistants in the White House-and that of White House counsel
Nixon said he had ''today requested and accepted'' Dean's resignation
but made no reference to having forced the departure of Ehrlichman
and Haldeman. In fact his statement suggested they had initiated the
step. He said:
''I know that their decision to resign was difficult; my decision
to accept it was difficult; but I respect and appreciate the
attitude that led them to it.''
sr1157aed april 30
120 0858pt 04-30
WASHINGTON Watergate 3rd lead a119 5th add: to it.''
Effective immediately, Nixon said, special consultant Leonard
Garment will ''take on additional duties as counsel to the
President and will continue acting in this capacity until a
permanent successor to Mr. Dean is named.''
The chief executive said Garment ''will represent the White
House in all matters relating to the Watergate investigation and
will report directly to me.''
Ziegler said Haldeman and Ehrlichman had asked to confer with
Nixon at Camp David, where the President has been since Friday
evening, and met with him there Sunday afternoon.
The press secretary said Kleindienst and Garment also met with
Nixon at Camp David on Sunday.
jc12noon April 30
121 0901pt 04-30
URGENTwashington watergate 3rd lead A120 6th add: Sunday.
In discussing the departures of Ehrlichmand and Haldeman,
''I emphasize that neither the submission nor the acceptance of
their resignations at this time should be seen by anyone as
evidence of any wrongdoing by either one. Such an assumption
would be both unfair and unfounded.
''Throughout our association each of these men has demonstrated
a spirit of selflessness and dedication that I have seldom seen
equalled. Their contributions to the work of this administration
have been enormous. I greatly regret their departure.''
Speaking of Kleindienst, Nixon said the former attorney general
''acted in accordance with the highest standards of public
service and legal ethics.'' He said, ''I am accepting his
resignation with regret and with deep appreciation for his
dedicated service to this administration.''
jc1203pes April 30
126 0920pt 04-30
Watergate 4th Lead
By LAWRENCE L. KNUTSON
Associated Press Writer
WASHINGTON (AP) - President Nixon today announced the resignations
of Atty. Gen. Richard G. Kleindienst and top White House aides
H. R. Haldeman and John D. Ehrlichman in a shakeup stemming from
the Watergate affair.
He fired White House counsel John Dean III.
Nixon named Secretary of Defense Elliot Richardson to become acting
attorney general and overseer of all federal investigations of
the Watergate conspiracy.
After: 3rd graf a115-116
kb122ped April 30
204 1022pt 04-30
WASHINGTON In Watergate 4th Lead a126 etc., insert after
8th graf, second graf of a118: job done.''
Richardson indicated to reporters he learned of his new
job during discussions with the President at Camp David,
the presidential retreat in the Maryland mountains.
Asked when Nixon told him of his intentions, Richardson
said, ''Let's just say there were intensive discussions over
He declined further comment on when or how he would begin
the Watergate investigation.
The Watergate case etc. picking up.
Lt123pes April 30
211 1050pt 04-30
WASHINGTON Watergate 4th Lead a126: to clarify sub for 3/8rd
graf: Dean III. (eliminating previous sub a134)
Nixon named Secretary of Defense Elliot L. Richardson to
succeed Kleindienst as attorney general. Kleindienst remains
in the post pending Senate confirmation of Richardson. The
President also named Richardson to take over immediately all
federal investigations of the Watergate conspiracy.
After 3rd graf a115-116.
Lt151ped April 30
113 0842pt 04-30
WASHINGTON A White House news briefing, presumably on Watergate
developments, started at 11:35 a.m. edt.
sr1143aed april 30
110 0832pt 04-30
WASHINGTON Watergate 2nd Lead add: reported.
White House chief of staff H. R. ''Bob'' Haldeman and
domestic counsellor John D. Ehrlichman reportedly will quit, the
There were reports at the House, Senate and Justice Department
that Defense Secretary Elliot Richardson will replace Kleindienst as
the Justice Department chief.
sr1134aed april 30
111 0835pt 04-30
WASHINGTON Watergate 2nd Lead A110 2nd add: chief.
There were reports President Nixon will make a radio-television
address tonight to the nation.
The resignations of Kleindienst, Haldeman and Ehrlichman, if they
came today, would be only three days after the resignation of
acting FBI director L. Patrick Gray III.
Kleindienst already had disqualified himself from two Justice
Department investigations relating to the Watergate affair because
friends and associates had been implicated.
He stepped out of a presidential inquiry into the wiretapping affair
itself, and also decided he would have nothing to do with a New York
grand jury's probe of accused financial swindler Robert Vesco and his
ascribed links to President Nixon's re-election campaign.
sr1138aed april 30
112 0839pt 04-30
WASHINGTON Watergate 2nd Lead A111 3rd add.
Kleindienst, 49, received Senate approval as attorney general June
9 last year, after the longest confirmation fight for a presidential
nominee in memory. He was sworn in three days later.
Throughout the 24 days of hearings on his nomination to succeed
John Mitchell, liberal Democrats centered their attack on what
they described as the administration's ties with big business.
Specifically, they attempted to discredit Kleindienst's denial that
he played a role in settlement of three antitrust suits against
International Telephone and Telegraph Corp., the nation's ninth-largest
One source said etc., a104 at second graf.
sr1141aed april 30
109 0831pt 04-30
Watergate 2nd Lead
WASHINGTON (AP) - Atty. Gen. Richard Kleindienst and at least two
White aides are expected to resign today because of the Watergate
scandal, various sources reported.
sr1132aed april 30
104 0815pt 04-30
By LAWRENCE L. KNUTSON
Associated Press Writer
WASHINGTON (AP) - The White House is expected to announce today a
series of major staff resignations amid reports that President
Nixon will make a television-radio address tonight to the nation
on the Watergate conspiracy.
One source said departures from Nixon's top staff would be announced
by press secretary Ronald L. Ziegler and would be followed up
by a Nixon appearance on TV and radio.
An informant suggested that the staff resignations would include at
least one surprise.
There has been repeated speculation in recent weeks that Nixon
might accept the resignations of his two closest personal aides,
chief of staff H. R. Haldeman, and domestic policy assistant John
It was not known whether they would be leaving the staff.
''They have been fighting desperately to keep their jobs,''
one White House source said.
Meanwhile, a former top White House aide who says he passed a lie
detector test on the Watergate case is reported to have urged
a speed-up in the illegal bugging of Democratic national
Charles etc A017 at second graf
cb1120aes apr 30
108 0828pt 04-30
WASHINGTON Watergate Lead A104 add: headquarters. 240
Charles W. Colson, once president Nixon's special counsel, was
quoted as asking a colleague in February 1972: ''When the hell are
we going to get this bugging plan approved.''
He also was reported to have recruited young men to pose as homosexual
supporters of Sen. George McGovern's presidential campaign.
Colson called the charges ''untrue and defamatory.''
He said, in a statement issued by his office, that ''this particular
hearsay allegation is one that has been floating around Washington
for weeks-it has been previously thoroughly discredited by
serverl investigative reporters.''
114 0844pt 04-30
ADD Watergate Lead A104 4th graf: reporters.''
Colson called attention to the lie detector test he took voluntarily
on April 4.
''I passed the examination,'' he said. ''If there are any allegations
that I at any time urged anyone to engage in any electronic
eavesdropping activities, I challenge the person making that
allegation to submit to a reputable polygraph examination.''
103 0806pt 04-30
Democratic Governors Bjt Lead 240
By CARL P. LEUBSDORF
AP Political Writer
HURON, OHIO (AP) - In the wake of a cool reception from
Democratic governors, party chairman Robert S. Strauss backed
away today from a proposal to buy national television time
for a party statement pledgeing full disclosure of all facts
in the Watergate case.
''We're probably tilting in the direction of not doing such
a show at this time,'' Strauss told a new conference after a
number of governors said they didn't see how the plan coud
be brought off without seeming like a Democratic effort to
capitalize on the troubles of President Nixon's Republican
At this time, Strauss added, he does not plan to recommend
buying the television time.
The chairman's public retreat from a plan he had been
promoting in private talks with the governors came as he
announced the appointment of Gov. Jimmy Carter of Georgia
as chairma of a campaign committee to work with the party's
Senate and House campaign committees to elect Democrats in
the 1974 congressional and gubernatorial elections.
Carter, one of several Democratic governors warning against
partisan exploitation of Watergate by the Democrats,
said he was opposed to purchase of television time for
a Watergate statement.
Maryland Gov. Marvin Mandel agreed, saying of Strauss' proposal,.''I think
it's a mistake.
Carter earlier had offered the only formal resoltuion on
.Watergate. HE SAID ''the seriousness of the prese
Maryland Gov. Marvin Mandel agreed, saying of Strauss' proposal,
it's a mistake.
Carter earlier had offered the only formal resoultion on
Watergate. He said ''the seriousness of the present situation
transcends partisan political considerations'' and added
confidence in the federal executive must be restored
''In the: 6th graf A013
nd1115aes apr 30
072 0510pt 04-30
ADV for PMs Wed May 2
View From Abroad 410
By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS
LONDON (AP) - Foreign editors continue to devote much editorial
space to the Watergate affair with one British newspaper last
week calling it ''Washington's political scandal of the century.''
Rio de Janeiro's Jornal do Brazil said:
''The stability of U.S. democratic institutions has been
put to the test by the Watergate case.''
Tokyo's Yomiuri took note of the charge that the Committee
to Re-elect the President sent thousands of telegrams and
letters to the White House purporting to show massive popular
support for the President's mining of Haiphong Harbor.
''Does what the committee did reflect the character of President
Nixon himself? Or is it the kind of thing that can happen
in any country?'' Yomiuri asked.
The London Observer, which called Watergate ''Washington's
political scandal of the century,'' said if it has shaken
confidence in Nixon, the way it'' is now being relentlessly
exposed should also strengthen America's claim to be the most
''Political skullduggery has happened in many countries,
but in few could it have been exposed as publicly as now in
the United States.''
West German newspapers also commented extensively on Watergate.
''America's friends can only wish the President success
in a quick clarification of Watergate. The reverse would be
a strain for us all,'' said the Frankfurt Allgemeine.
The Munich Suddeutsche Zeitung said the scandal ''shows
that the moral decay in the election process...is even more
devastating than the bugging itself.''
On another topic, the London Daily Telegraph said the Nixon
administration's call last week for a new Atlantic Charter
was ''disappointingly cautious and mundane.''
''What is needed above all is an utterly frank assessment
of the Atlantic relationship,'' it said, ''of the situation
in which it finds itself in relation to the rest of the world
and of the changes needed in the face of present dangers and
The newspaper warned that ''obviously hard bargaining between
the members of the European Community and America lies ahead''
and added, ''The more direct cooperation there is between
Moscow and Washington...the greater is the need for Europe
to put its own political and defense house in order.''
End Adv for PMS Wed May 2, moved April 30.
045 0243pt 04-30
Pentagon Papers 400 Two Takes 690
LOS ANGELES (AP) - Daniel Ellsberg's psychiatrist was to file an
affidavit today about a 1971 burglary of his office records with the
Pentagon papers trial judge who says he has been told there is a
possible link between the break-in and the Watergate case.
Although defense spokesmen have declined to name the doctor, Time
magazine said on Sunday that he was Lewis Fielding of Beverly Hills.
Ellsberg, 42, and Anthony J. Russo, 36, former researchers for
government projects, are being tried on espionage, conspiracy and
theft charges for copying the top secret Pentagon study of the
Vietnam war in 1969.
On Friday, U.S. District Court Judge Matt Byrne, who is hearing the
trial, disclosed a possible link between the trial and the
Byrne said he had been told that the burlgary of the psychiatrist's
office had been carried out by E. Howard Hunt and G. Gordon Liddy,
convicted conspirators in the Watergate bugging incident.
Hunt was a White House consultant at the time, and Liddy served as
liaison between the White House and the FBI.
Time said Liddy and Hunt burglarized Fielding's office Sept. 3,
1971. ''They had been hired to trace the leak of the Pentagon
papers,'' the magazine said.
Because the burglary was alleged to have been committed by former
White House aides, defense attorneys were considering asking that
the government indictments against Ellsberg and Russo be dropped.
Fielding refused to comment Sunday on the break-in. Sources said
his affidavit mentions that FBI agents questioned the doctor about
Ellsberg some time before the break-in but that Fielding would not
Fielding's affidavit mentions a janitor in the medical building
who told police he saw two Spanish-speaking men seeking entrance to
the building the night of the burglary, the New York Daily News
The men left after the janitor questioned them briefly, the
Convicted Watergate conspirator Bernard L. Baker was reported to
have recruited a number of Cubans to harass Ellsberg at a rally
for Democratic presidential contender George McGovern last year.
Ellsberg said of the break-in: ''It appears that they wanted to
smear me and then connect my name with the Democratic presidential
046 0250pt 04-30
LOS ANGELES Take 2 Pentagon Papers: candidates.'' 290
Byrne ordered a quick, thorough investigation of the break-in on
Friday when he brought up the alleged involvement of Liddy and Hunt.
He said their names had been given to him in a confidential Justice
Ellsberg has said nothing of importance could have been gained by
the break-in because he didn't tell the psychiatrist about the
He said he underwent psychoanalysis in Los Angeles in from 1968
through part of 1970 while employed at the Rand Corp. in Santa
Monica, Calif. He said he was not treated for any ''current symptoms
or emergency'' but because ''it was something I had always wanted to
Byrne, who discussed the matter out of the jury's hearing, said
that if a Liddy-Hunt burglary were established, it could indicate
a ''taint of evidence'' in the trial.
Defense attorney Leonard Boudin said that could be grounds for a
mistrial. One mistrial resulted in the selection of a new jury last
fall, and Ellsberg says he does not want to move for another because
he and Russo could be tried again.
Hunt has been linked to the Pentagon papers case previously. Former
acting FBI director L. Patrick Gray III testified before a Senate
committee that Hunt kept papers about Ellsberg in a White House
The papers were turned over the the FBI by presidential counsel
John W. Dean III about a week after the Watergate bugging incident.
Gray said the papers included six envelopes containing classified
material relating to the Pentagon papers, a folder of newspaper
articles about the papers and a folder of various documents
096 0736pt 04-30
A lead to the Pentagon papers Trial a045 is expected by 2 p.m. EST.
097 0737pt 04-30
ADV PMS TUES MAY 8
JERUSALEM Take 3 Israel part 2: neighbors 500
Mrs. Meir and her government insist that negotiations are
the only way to peace. The Arabs insist that before a start
can be made Israel must withdraw from every inch of the 26,000
square miles of Arab land taken in the 1967 war.
''We say we are ready to talk,'' says Mrs. Meir. ''They demand
that first we give them everything on a plate, a golden plate.
But after that there would be nothing left to talk about.''
Israel has never made it clear exactly where it wants its
new borders, but it is no longer waiting for Arab agreement
on a map. Informally, it is taking over the land it wants
with concrete and asphalt instead of the ink and seals of
a political contract.
Formally, only East Jerusalem with its holy places has been
annexed, and declared a part of Israel which it says can never
But an Israeli city is being built at Sharm el-Sheikh on
the Red Sea Strait of Tiran, Israel's sole maritime outlet
to Asia and Africa. The Israelis want the Gaza Strip, so they
are spending millions to eliminate and relocate the Strip's
most dangerous element - the squalid Palestinian refugee camps
where violence breeds.
On the Golan Heights of Syria and in parts of west Jordan
stand 32 armed agricultural settlements like Gilgal - what one
visitor called ''farmer-plating the borders.''
''Only a fool would imagine that we are building these settlements
simply to abandon them someday,'' says Cabinet Minister Israel
Galili, one of Mrs. Meir's closest advisers.
But in the vast Sinai Desert of Egypt and on most of Jordan's
west bank, there is little evidence of any Israeli grand designs - a
sure sign that Israel is considering returning these territories.
Last month the government banned private Jewish land purchases
in occupied Jordan.
Israel lives in peace with its own 366,000 Arab citizens - the
families of those who stayed instead of fleeing their homes
in the 1948 war. But the only other signs of Arab-Jewish coexistence
to appear in 25 years have been in the captured zones, where
about one million Arabs lived under Israeli occupation since
More than 40,000 of them now commute to Israel to work on
Israeli pay scales. Almost all the apartment buildings springing
up in Israel, and the new hotels appearing in Tel Aviv, are
built by Arab labor.
There were abuses at first, but now income and agriculture
have risen in west Jordan, local elections have been held
with hardly a hitch, and administration has been left in Arab
hands. Traffic and trade move daily across the Jordan River
bridges into the Arab world, and signs of the military occupation
are almost invisible.
The fact that 40,000 Arabs are helping build the Jewish state
raises the troubling question of who will replace them as
laborers if they return to Jordanian rule, and how would Israel
handle the west bank population if it stays attached to Israel?
100 0754pt 04-30
Adv PMs Tues May 8
JERUSALEM TAKE 4 Israel Part 2: Jordan. 400
The dilemma is philosophical as well as practical. Morally,
most Israelis do not wish to rule as masters over an alien
population. Many feel the Israeli creed of Jewish labor is
weakened by relying on Arab workmen, and Mrs. Meir admits
''what worries me is that we are getting used to it so fast.''
On the practical side, some Israeli leaders warn that if the
occupied territories became part of Israel, Arabs would be
45 per cent of the population by 1980. Mrs. Meir said ''I
don't want to wake up every morning and ask who had babies
last night and how many? Are we Jews still in the majority?''
The plight of the Palestinians outside Israel is the most
troubling problem in the Middle East, and the Arab refugees
are the fuel that keeps the fires of crisis burning.
When Israel was born in what had been Palestine, 700,000
Arabs fled their homes. Their number has since swollen to
about 1,450,000, scattered through the Middle East. Some have
prospered, becoming bankers, office clerks and teachers. But
other thousands live stagnant lives in refugee camps, many
drawing food rations from the United Nations.
This is the injustice that the guerrillas and terrorists have
sworn to avenge and rectify.
Many Israelis have a guilty conscience because of it, but
others simply ignore it.
Arab states insist on restoration of Palestinian rights,
but refuse to settle the refugees permanently in their territories,
and Israel refuses to let them return.
Plans are set to start compensating Israeli Arabs and East
Jerusalem residents for property they lost in other parts
of the country, at 10 times their original value. The bill
is expected to be $100 million.
To some extent, Israel's Arab policy will be determined by
who succeeds Golda Meir, who is 75 and wants to retire. Under
Defense Minister Moshe Dayan, Israel might well take a harder
line. Under other contenders such as Deputy Premier Yigal
Allon, Foreign Minister Abba Eban or Finance Minister Sapir,
the prospects for compromise might increase.
Chief of staff Elazar predicts that for at least the next
10 years, Israel can maintain the balance of arms that gives
it an edge over the Arabs. Predictions of more than 10 years
cannot be made because ''it depends on the technological development
of armament and on political developments. It is too early
to foresee these.''
Most Israelis, as they celebrate 25 years of survival and
progress, are confident that with science, education and culture
they can stay well ahead of the Arab world and maintain the
Next: A clash of cultures
End Adv Pms Tues May 8 sent Apr 30
212 1052pt 04-30
Pentagon Papers a045 Lead 280
By LINDA DEUTSCH
Associated Press Writer
LOS ANGELES (AP) - The defense in the Pentagon papers trial said it
will file a motion today asking that convicted Watergate
conspirators E. Howard Hunt and G. Gordon Liddy be brought to Los
Angeles to testify about the alleged burglary of Daniel Ellsberg's
A defense spokesman said the motion would also ask that other
principals being questioned int the Watergate investigation
also be summoned here to tell what they know about the reported
break-in. The spokesman would not specify who the others would be.
The defense spokesman indicated that today's resignations of Atty.
Gen. Richard G. Kleindienst and two White House aides and the
firing of White House counsel John Dean would figure
in the defense plans for arguments before the judge.
Attorneys for Ellsberg and Anthony Russo said today
they would not move for dismissal of the indictment charging the
former researchers with espionage, conspiracy and theft in copying
the top secret Pentagon study of the war in Indochina.
Ellsberg has publicly expressed a desire to have the jury decide
the case. However, U.S. District Court Judge Matt Byrne has said
that the burglary allegations raise the possibility that evidence
used by the government against Ellsberg and Russo may have been
Arguments concerning the Watergate link were expected to delay the
start of the testimony today during the government's rebuttal case.
The defense has refused to name the psychiartist, whose
office was burgled, but Time magazine said on Sunday that
he was Lewis Fielding of Beverly Hills, Calif.
Byrne said Friday he had received a Justice Department memorandum
which named Liddy and Hunt as the burglars.
Hunt was: 6th graf a045
230 1218pt 04-30
Pentagon papers a212 2nd Lead 290
By LINDA DEUTSCH
Associated Press Writer
LOS ANGELES (AP) - Daniel Ellsberg's chief attorney today asked
that former Acting FBI Director L. Patrick Gray, former White House
counsel John Dean and convicted Watergate conspirators E. Howard
Hunt and G. Gordon Liddy be brought here Tuesday to testify about an
alleged burglary of Ellsberg's psychiatrist's office.
The judge denied the request to bring them here Tuesday to testify
in the Pentagon papers trial, saying affidavits would have to be
taken from them first.
U.S. District Court Judge Matt Byrne said he would consider the
defense request for a hearing with the four men but said he would
not hold it Tuesday. He indicated he would prefer to take sworn
affidavits, rather than bring them here to testify.
Attorney Leonard Boudin told the judge he wants the four to tell
''why these indictments (against Ellsberg and codefendant Anthony
Russo) were brought and whether they were brought as part of a
general political espionage effort by the U.S. government.''
Ellsberg and Russo are charged with espionage, theft and
conspiracy in copying the secret Pentagon study of the Indochina
Boudin said he had considered ''a large number of other potential
witnesses'' but said he settled on these four because ''they
seem to be those with the most intimate knowledge'' of documents
which he said were found in Hunt's White House safe.
Boudin said he had established through various sources including
news media that several folders relating to the Pentagon
papers case and one folder simply marked ''Ellsberg'' were
removed from Hunt's safe, apparently on Dean's orders. He said
he does not know what was in the folders but hinted they could
have contained Ellsberg's psychiatric records.
233 1234pt 04-30
WASHINGTON Haldeman-Ehrlichman bjt take 2 last graf delete
period at start of second line
jc333ped April 30
043 0232pt 04-30
WASHINGTON (AP) - William D. Ruckelshaus takes over as acting FBI
director today after a farewell staff meeting at the Environmental
Ruckelshaus, EPA director, succeeds L. Patrick Gray III in the FBI
Gray resigned last Friday after newspapers reported that he
destroyed politically sensitive documents belonging to a convicted
Ruckelshaus says he will stay in the FBI job only tempoarily and
step down, perhaps within two months, when President Nixon
nominates a permanent director for confirmation by the Senate.
Under federal statutes, an acting director can remain on the job
for only 30 days without Senate confirmation. But a Justice
Department spokesman says the technicality could be sidestepped
by making Ruckelshaus an associate director of the FBI.
Ruckelshaus, said an aide, plans to take over the job with the
intention of pursuing all leads turned up by the grand jury
investigating the Watergate bugging raid.
Press aide Jack Conmy said Ruckelshaus would not ''be a caretaker
director,'' even though he regards the job as temporary.
Conmy said Ruckelshaus felt the FBI must ''run down all leads
turned up by the grand jury'' in the Watergate case.
Asked whether Ruckelshaus planned to assume personal responsibility
for the Watergate investigation, Conmy answered, ''He will be up
to his neck in it.''
Ruckelshaus moved over the weekend to spike reports that he planned
to make a race for the U.S. Senate in his home state of Indiana
next year. He said he would not run against old political foe
Sen. Birch Bayh because ''the FBI must not in any way be compromised
by political ambitions.''
Meanwhile, Sen. Henry M. Jackson, D-Wash., said on Sunday that
Nixon should not have named Ruckelshaus to succeed Gray because he
was closely tied to former Atty. Gen. John N. Mitchell, who has
been linked in news reports with Watergate.
Jackson said that Ruckelshaus, a former Justice Department lawyer,
was appointed by Mitchell as an assistant attorney general. ''And
I understand he had Mr. Mitchell's help in getting the EPA
appointment,'' he said.
Ruckelshaus did not immediately respond.
AG538aed April 30
041 0228pt 04-30
Wirephoto plans transmission of the following prior to 7:30
a.m. EDT, network conditions permitting: Aerial view of ammunition
train which blew up, horiz; Duke Ellington blowing out candles
on 74th birthday cake, horiz; Lanny Wadkins and Byron Nelson
with golf trophy, horz; Secretariat tasting bluegrass at Churchil
Downs, horz; Knicks-Celtics NBA playoff action, horiz; Senators
Percy and Weiker on TV talking about Watergate, vert; USA-USSR
basketball action, vert.
039 0216pt 04-30
By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS
''Out, get 'em out.'' - Sen. Lowell P. Weicker Jr., R-Conn, urging
President Nixon to fire immediately any aides implicated in the
Watergate bugging scandal.
''In just one day prices could go up and they would be very
difficult to roll back.'' - Sen. William Proxmire, D-Wis., on the
consequences of Congress failing to extend Phase III price and wage
controls which otherwise die at midnight tonight.
''I'd rather not plant cotton after May 15 if I can help it. I
don't even know what my land is going to look like. I haven't seen
my land in six weeks.'' - Milton Eugene Magee, a Chic, Tenn. cotton
farmer whose fields have been inundated by flood waters.