perm filename MIC.AP[1,LMM]3 blob sn#423453
filedate 1979-03-06 generic text, type T, neo UTF8
n412 2022 25 Feb 79
BC-Soviets 1stadd 02-26
Bev Bennett xxx in long lines.
And then there's a lack of time-saving equipment.
''Our kitchens are much smaller,'' said Rita Frolova, indicating
a space about the size of an average American bathroom as
her kitchen size. ''Elaborate kitchen equipment wouldn't fit.''
The food processor hasn't left its mark on Russian homes. Nor are
many homes equipped with microwave ovens.
''We would rather develop good public food catering than have
more kitchen appliances,'' said Krichigina.
Still, eating or talking about food is a favorite Russian
pastime, the women said.
''We have very hearty meals,'' said Zarubina. ''We tend to overeat
so we don't worry about nutrition-getting enough vitamins.''
Meal patterns are changing slightly as Russians, who tend to
be stout, become more aware of their figures. But it's not enough
to hinder the national appetite yet.
''People are becoming conscious of cholesterol; they're talking
about butter and eggs now.''
More people use oil instead of butter for cooking but margarine
has few takers. Cooks think it has a synthetic taste.
''With all our nationalities in Russia, the exchange of recipes is
very good,'' said Krichigina. ''Ukrainian borcht is a favorite in
our family. We also make Jewish gefilte fish.''
If there's a country with a national sweet tooth, the women
claim it is Russia. ''We love to bake,'' said Frolova. ''When we
entertain, we always have a homemade cake.''
There are bakeries in Russia, but no self-respecting
hostess would think of serving guests store-bought pastries.
''Occasionally someone will bring a store-bought cake to a
party and I have to say 'how nice,' '' said Zarubina. ''But then I
don't put it out. I take it to the office the next day and tell
my co-workers it's just store-bought and we have to eat it.''
The women members of the exhibit are eager to explore all the
markets in Chicago during their stay.
''We love your bread in America,'' said Zarubina. ''French
bread-phoo! American bread is like our Russian bread.''
And as Frolova said: ''We Russians love bread.''
en (endit BENNETT) 2-26
n043 1023 27 Feb 79
c. 1979 N.Y. Times News Service
Q. What are the plans now for the detection of extraterrestrial
A. According to the Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence
Foundation, the principal plan for detecting the existence of
extraterrestrial intelligence employs radio telescopes. These monitor
the low-frequency microwave areas of the spectrum where the natural
''noises'' - the usual radio waves and normal ray emissions - can be
heard. Any unusual ''noise'' in these areas may be a sign that
something out of the ordinary, possibly a signal from an intelligent
extraterrestrial being, is being sent. There is now little federal
funding for this kind of research.
Q. Since the Montana dinosaurs (''Dinosaurs' Nest Is Found in
Montana,'' Feb. 6) had duck bills and hatched from eggs, is there any
clue about their outer covering - fur or feathers?
A. The outer covering of duck-billed dinosaurs was similar to
reptile skin. Researchers determined this from fossilized mud
imprints of various dinosaurs. Their skin had rough scales very much
like those of snakes op↓|izards, but without the shingle-like
overlap. Several dinosaur ''mummies'' are on exhibit at the American
Museum of Natural History in New York.
Q. How far is the most distant object that astronomers have seen in
A. The most distant object that astronomers have seen is a quasar.
Quasars are star-like, celestial objects that emit immense quantities
of light or radio waves or both, but their exact nature is
unresolved. Their distance from the earth is approximately 30 billion
light years. A light year is the distance traveled by light in one
year at the rate of 186,000 miles a second. In comparison, the
closest star is four light years from earth.
Q. On one of the Apollo trips to the moon, one of the LEM's landed
close to a Surveyor. In addition to moon rocks, pieces of the
Surveyor were brought back to earth. Can you tell me anything about
the conditions of the Surveyor parts?
A. The Apollo 12 mission in 1969 brought back a leg support of a
Surveyor. There were no visible changes in the condition of the leg
support. This was because the moon's environment, like that of space,
contained no corrosive liquids or gases. The only things that might
have caused damage were ultraviolet rays and micrometeorites, but the
support was not affected by them.
Q. What is the fastest bird?
A. This is difficult to determine because the bird's speed in
relation to the ground may depend on the force of the wind. A bird -
or a plane - flying at 50 miles an hour with a tailwind of 50 miles
an hour could be recorded at 100 miles an hour. A bird or a plane
flying against the wind would be recorded at a lower speed.
The homing pigeon is believed to hold the level-flight record of 94
miles an hour. Among the other records - all disputed - is one of 200
miles an hour for an Indian spine-tailed swift. Similar speeds are
said to have been recorded for peregrine falcons and golden eagles in
a dive. Falcons, ducks, geese and domestic pigeons fly at speeds
ranging from 40 to 60 miles an hour.
The fastest running bird is reported to be the ostrich, at 50 miles
Readers are invited to submit questions about science to Questions,
ScienceTimes, 229 West 43d Street, New York, N.Y. 10036. Questions of
general interest will be answered in this column, but requests for
medical advice cannot be honored and unpublished letters cannot be
n110 1641 01 Mar 79
NYT WASHINGTON: of defense.
Since Boeing produced an earlier generation of land-based missiles
and is likely to play an important role in the development of a new
system, some Pentagon aides maintain that the company would have
possessed a strong financial interest in learning the details of Mx
The Pentagon's report says that O'Rourke then visited two defense
aides connected to the Mx program and asked for a copy of the paper.
Although the aides are said to have refused, one allowed him to read
the document and take notes.
On March 27, the Pentagon report says that O'Rourke prepared a
summary of the memo and then transmitted it to Boeing's offices in
Seattle by Telefax, a system for transmitting facsimilies over
telephone circuits. Many telephone circuits move across the country
via microwave transmitters and it has been asserted by government
officials that the Soviet Union is able to intercept these
The following day, Plymale is said to have met in Santa Monica,
Calif., with Seymour L. Zeiberg, the Pentagon's deputy under
secretary who was in charge of preparing the memorandum for the White
House. According to the report, Plymale's statements about the
Pentagon's plans for the new missile led Zeiberg to conclude that he
had received a copy of the secret paper.
Agitated, Zeiberg is said to have asked Plymale where he had
received information concerning the missile and was told, according
to the report, that a brown envelope from an unknown source had been
sent to the Boeing headquarters a few days earlier. Unconvinced,
Zeiberg informed his superiors in Washington and Harold Brown, the
secretary of Defense, is said to have launchd an internal
investigation of the leak. According to the report of the
investigation, Boeing employees destroyed all materials relevant to
the case and prepared bogus documents to throw investigators off the
However, Rushworth, in the report, says the investigators were able
to determine how the leak occurred and subsequent attempts to cover
it up after the Justice Department provided O'Rourke, Boeing's
Washington representative, with limited immunity from future
Although one senior defense aide said that the missile memo
contained highly technical data that would have compromised national
security, other aides argued that it contained little information
that had not already appeared in technical journals. These aides
suggested that the Pentagon's investigation was less concerned with
the specific details contained in the Mx memo and more designed to
curb leaks generally.
n418 2338 04 Mar 79
Attention: Feature editors.
Following is a column of homemakers' tips.
By DORSEY CONNORS
(c) 1979 Chicago Sun-Times
If your blood pressure is high, most likely your doctor told
you to cut down on salt intake. It's the sodium in the salt that is
the culprit. Salt (sodium chloride) is about 40 per cent sodium.
Most likely you've refrained from salting your food while
cooking or at the dining table. But that's just the beginning of
the battle. According to a survey by Consumer Reports, many of
our processed foods are high in sodium content, but few manufacturers
give you this information on the label. Often foods that seem to be
nonsalty are loaded with sodium. The research revealed that a
1 ounce serving of Kellogg's Corn Flakes contains twice as much
sodium as an ounce of Planters Cocktail peanuts and two slices of
Pepperidge Farm White Bread contains more sodium than a 1
ounce bag of Lay's Potato Chips.
We laymen cannot judge the amount of sodium in a food
by taste. Even sweet pudding can contain large amounts of
sodium. One-half cup of Jell-O Chocolate Flavor Instant
Pudding contains more sodium than a three-slice serving of
Oscar Mayer Bacon. The labels will tell you that there is salt
present in a product, but they do not tell you how much.
With 34 million Americans suffering from high blood pressure,
isn't it time that manufacturers were required to tell us
how much salt is contained in their foods.
FASHION FLAIRS: The new wide-shouldered look can be achieved
without investing in a costly wardrobe. Head for a sewing
supply store and buy shoulder pads to insert in your suits and
coats. Invest in a wide, elasticized belt to give pizzaz to your
TIMELY TIPS: When hanging a picture, a wet fingerprint will
show you the exact spot for the nail of the hanger. The print will
dry without a mark.
DEAR DORSEY: Many people I know who have received an electric
hot tray as a gift store it away and only bring it out for
parties. I keep mine in the kitchen at all times. It keeps
the coffee and eggs warm for breakfast and is super for
keeping any foods warm for the time gap between microwave oven
cooking and the conventional methods. Now, all the foods are
warm when served.
DEAR DORSEY: With so much snow piled high at the intersections,
on sidestreets and driveways, my husband, who drives a small car,
cannot be seen approaching. He solved the problem by attaching a
bicycle flag to the antenna of his car. If the car cannot
be seen, at least the flag will be. He marked our roadside mail
box with a bicycle flag so that the men driving the snow plows
will not knock it down. He also placed a flag on a
neighbor girl's mini-snowmobile. These are the flags that we
always mounted on the small ride'm toys that our boys used to
have. A ''spring is just around the corner'' thought for
mothers. Please credit these ideas to my husband, Dan.
We salute your flag ideas, Patti and Dan.
GOURMET TIDBITS: From Chicago Tavern Club: Form a hamburger
patty around a small ice cube. The moisture keeps the
hamburger from drying out while broiling.
Send $1 for Dorsey's ''101 Gourmet Tidbits,'' minirecipes and
food twists to enhance your everyday meals. Mail request with name
and address to Dorsey Connors, P.O. Box 36, Hinsdale, Ill. 60521.
en (endit CONNORS) 3-5
n018 0753 06 Mar 79
NYT NEW YORK: to diversify.''
According to this analyst, it is currently not feasible politically
for oil companies to make major acquisitions. ''Not with Senators
Kennedy and Jackson looking over their shoulders, and not with the
probability of large oil company earnings in the first quarter,'' he
said. ''So you try to make a small acquisition that will pay off down
the road, and cable television is one area that has lots of room for
The Entertainment and Sports Programming Network plans 24-hour
sports programming to cable television systems beginning in
September. Dennis Randall, the network's public relations director,
said it had signed an agreement in principle to acquire exclusive
cable television rights to transmit by satellite a yearlong series of
National Collegiate Athletic Association events in 18 sports, with
the exception of specific events and sports programming already
committed to other networks. It will also have exclusive use of the
association's name and trademark, something that is regarded as a
coup for a cable network.
In addition, it will broadcast other national and international
sporting events, both amateur and professional.
Meanwhile, it is building a transmitting station in Bristol, Conn.,
and last October it signed a 10-year lease on a television channel to
Satcom 1, an RCA communications satellite. A typical transmitting
station costs almost $400 million. And rental of a satellite channel
averages about $1 million a year, according to Harold Rice, vice
president for audio and video service of RCA Americom, the company's
domestic satellite division.
Cable systems generally feature a wide variety of sports
programming, and cable television is increasingly looking to
satellite transmission, which is cheaper and is said to be more
reliable than the coaxial cable and microwave transmission used most
often by the commercial television networks.
According to Rice, 20 of Satcom 1's 24 channels now carry cable
traffic, and cable will occupy all 24 on Satcom 3 after it is
launched in December and Satcom 1's 20 cable channels are transferred
to it. Slightly more than a year ago, only four of Satcom 1's
available cable channels were in regular use.